CH and Formaldehyde Structures in Partially-Premixed Methane/Air Coflow Flames

R.J.H. Klein-Douwel, J.B. Jeffries, J. Luque, G.P. Smith, D.R. Crosley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)


    CH and CH20 inner cone structures in partially premixed methane/air Bunsen flames are examined with 2-D laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) imaging for stoichiometries 1·36 =f= 3·0. Chosen LIF excitation strategies minimize the temperature dependent partition function variation for CH20. and maintain CH signal strength while eliminating Rayleigh scattering background. The formaldehyde structure appears inside CH in the inner flame cone for moderately fuel rich stoichiometries typical of appliance flames. CH LIF becomes too weak to distinguish from background at richer stoichiometries (f=2·7). A distinct formaldehyde inner cone structure persists even for very rich O. with an increasing width. A simple ID model replicates the variation in the relative concentrations of CH and formaldehyde in the inner cone. Predicted absolute CH agrees within a factor of two with the measured value. Exhaust probe measurements show that metal inserts reduce NO and increase CO emissions. LIF images of CH and CH20 taken for these perturbed flames reveal the CH20 structures are spatially expanded by the inserts
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)291-310
    JournalCombustion Science and Technology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


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