CFD Simulation of Two Tandem Floating Offshore Wind Turbines in Surge Motion

Abdolrahim Rezaeiha (Corresponding author), Daniel Micallef (Corresponding author)

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11 Citations (Scopus)


High-fidelity unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) CFD simulation is employed to investigate the variations in the power performance of two tandem in-line floating offshore horizontal axis wind turbines for the scenario in which the upstream rotor is oscillating in surge motion and the downstream rotor is positioned in a distance of 3D (D: turbine diameter) and is stationary. The rotors are the NREL-5MW reference turbine. The platform surge period and wave amplitude are 9 s and 1.02 m, respectively. The results are presented for 100 full surge periods. It is found that the surge motion of the upstream rotor results in: (i) sinusoidal fluctuations in the power and thrust coefficients (CP and C T) of the upstream rotor with a standard deviation (std) of 9.7% and 5.5%, respectively; (ii) such fluctuations in CP and CT are less regular with a std of 4.2% and 2.8% for the downstream rotor, respectively. A low-frequency oscillating mode with a period nearly 10 times the surge period is also observed for the downstream rotor. The mean Cp and Ct of the downstream rotor are 28.9% and 38.5% of the upstream one.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052066
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sept 2020
EventScience of Making Torque from Wind 2020, TORQUE 2020 - Virtual, Online, Netherlands
Duration: 28 Sept 20202 Oct 2020


  • aerodynamics
  • floating wind turbine
  • offshore wind energy
  • power performance
  • wake interaction
  • wind farm design


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