CFD analysis of cross-ventilation of a generic isolated building with asymmetric opening positions : impact of roof angle and opening location

J.I. Peren Montero, T. van Hooff , B.C.C. Leite, B.J.E. Blocken

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Abstract

The position of window openings and roof inclination are important parameters determining the effectiveness of wind-driven cross-ventilation in buildings. Many studies on natural ventilation have been performed in the past, however, a detailed review of the literature indicates that the majority of these studies focused on flat roofs with symmetric opening positions. There is a lack of research that analyzes the impact of asymmetric opening positions and roof inclination on natural ventilation potential. This paper presents Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations to analyze the natural ventilation flow in a generic isolated building with different vertical positions of the outlet opening – yielding asymmetric opening positions – and five different roof inclination angles. The simulations are performed using the 3D steady Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations. They are based on a grid-sensitivity analysis and on validation with previously published wind-tunnel measurements using Particle Image Velocimetry. The results show that the shear-stress transport (SST) k-¿ and the Renormalization-group (RNG) k-e turbulence models provide the best agreement with the experimental data. It is also shown that the roof inclination angle has a significant effect on the ventilation flow; the volume flow rate increases by more than 22%. The maximum local indoor air velocity increases considerably when the inclination angle is increased, however, the differences in the average velocity in the occupied zone are only around 7%. The vertical position of the outlet opening has a relatively small impact on the volume flow rate (less than 4%), and a small influence on the average velocity in the occupied zone (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-276
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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