Certified real-time solution of the parametrized steady incompressible Navier-Stokes equations: Rigorous reduced-basis a posteriori error bounds

K. Veroy, A. T. Patera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

225 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a technique for the evaluation of linear-functional outputs of parametrized elliptic partial differential equations in the context of deployed (in service) systems. Deployed systems require real-time and certified output prediction in support of immediate and safe (feasible) action. The two essential components of our approach are (i) rapidly, uniformly convergent reduced-basis approximations, and (ii) associated rigorous and sharp a posteriori error bounds; in both components we exploit affine parametric structure and offline-online computational decompositions to provide real-time deployed response. In this paper we extend our methodology to the parametrized steady incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. We invoke the Brezzi-Rappaz-Raviart theory for analysis of variational approximations of non-linear partial differential equations to construct rigorous, quantitative, sharp, inexpensive a posteriori error estimators. The crucial new contribution is offline-online computational procedures for calculation of (a) the dual norm of the requisite residuals, (b) an upper bound for the 'L4(Ω) - H1(Ω)' Sobolev embedding continuity constant, (c) a lower bound for the Babuška inf-sup stability 'constant,' and (d) the adjoint contributions associated with the output. Numerical results for natural convection in a cavity confirm the rapid convergence of the reduced-basis approximation, the good effectivity of the associated a posteriori error bounds in the energy and output norms, and the rapid deployed response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773-788
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
Volume47
Issue number8-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright:
Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • A posteriori error estimation
  • Incompressible Navier-Stokes
  • Natural convection
  • Offline-online procedures
  • Output bounds
  • Parametrized partial differential equations
  • Reduced-basis

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