Ceria-Zirconia encapsulated Ni nanoparticles for CO2 methanation

Wilbert Vrijburg, J.W.A. van Helden, Alexander Parastaev, Esther Groeneveld, Evgeny Pidko, Emiel Hensen (Corresponding author)

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Abstract

We prepared uniformly-sized Ni nanoparticles on ceria-zirconia (CZ) as model catalysts for CO2 methanation in the context of renewable energy storage. CZ was synthesized via a sol-gel method with Ni being introduced either via incipient-wetness impregnation on calcined CZ or as a colloidal Ni nanoparticle (NiNP) dispersion during sol-gel synthesis. Catalysts were characterized with XRD, N2 physisorption, H2-TPR, H2 chemisorption, XPS and HAADF-STEM with EDX mapping. The Ni/CZ (IWI) catalyst contained large Ni particles after reduction, whereas co-gelation led to NiNP encapsulated in CZ, the particles retaining their initial size of 4.5 nm obtained by the earlier colloidal synthesis. Encapsulated Ni@CZ exhibited superior catalytic activity and stability for CO2 methanation over Ni/CZ. A comparison of Ni@CZ with (encapsulated) Ni@SiO2 prepared from the same colloidal NiNP dispersion showed that CZ shows a strong synergy with Ni in CO2 methanation and results in an order of magnitude higher activity compared to SiO2
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5001-5010
Number of pages10
JournalCatalysis Science & Technology
Volume9
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2019

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Methanation
Cerium compounds
Zirconia
Nanoparticles
Catalysts
zirconium oxide
Physisorption
Gelation
Chemisorption
Impregnation
Energy storage
Sol-gel process
Sol-gels
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Catalyst activity
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Cite this

Vrijburg, Wilbert ; van Helden, J.W.A. ; Parastaev, Alexander ; Groeneveld, Esther ; Pidko, Evgeny ; Hensen, Emiel. / Ceria-Zirconia encapsulated Ni nanoparticles for CO2 methanation. In: Catalysis Science & Technology. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 18. pp. 5001-5010.
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abstract = "We prepared uniformly-sized Ni nanoparticles on ceria-zirconia (CZ) as model catalysts for CO2 methanation in the context of renewable energy storage. CZ was synthesized via a sol-gel method with Ni being introduced either via incipient-wetness impregnation on calcined CZ or as a colloidal Ni nanoparticle (NiNP) dispersion during sol-gel synthesis. Catalysts were characterized with XRD, N2 physisorption, H2-TPR, H2 chemisorption, XPS and HAADF-STEM with EDX mapping. The Ni/CZ (IWI) catalyst contained large Ni particles after reduction, whereas co-gelation led to NiNP encapsulated in CZ, the particles retaining their initial size of 4.5 nm obtained by the earlier colloidal synthesis. Encapsulated Ni@CZ exhibited superior catalytic activity and stability for CO2 methanation over Ni/CZ. A comparison of Ni@CZ with (encapsulated) Ni@SiO2 prepared from the same colloidal NiNP dispersion showed that CZ shows a strong synergy with Ni in CO2 methanation and results in an order of magnitude higher activity compared to SiO2",
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Ceria-Zirconia encapsulated Ni nanoparticles for CO2 methanation. / Vrijburg, Wilbert; van Helden, J.W.A.; Parastaev, Alexander; Groeneveld, Esther; Pidko, Evgeny; Hensen, Emiel (Corresponding author).

In: Catalysis Science & Technology, Vol. 9, No. 18, 12.08.2019, p. 5001-5010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - We prepared uniformly-sized Ni nanoparticles on ceria-zirconia (CZ) as model catalysts for CO2 methanation in the context of renewable energy storage. CZ was synthesized via a sol-gel method with Ni being introduced either via incipient-wetness impregnation on calcined CZ or as a colloidal Ni nanoparticle (NiNP) dispersion during sol-gel synthesis. Catalysts were characterized with XRD, N2 physisorption, H2-TPR, H2 chemisorption, XPS and HAADF-STEM with EDX mapping. The Ni/CZ (IWI) catalyst contained large Ni particles after reduction, whereas co-gelation led to NiNP encapsulated in CZ, the particles retaining their initial size of 4.5 nm obtained by the earlier colloidal synthesis. Encapsulated Ni@CZ exhibited superior catalytic activity and stability for CO2 methanation over Ni/CZ. A comparison of Ni@CZ with (encapsulated) Ni@SiO2 prepared from the same colloidal NiNP dispersion showed that CZ shows a strong synergy with Ni in CO2 methanation and results in an order of magnitude higher activity compared to SiO2

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