Carrier-Phase-Shifted Rotation Pulse-Width-Modulation Scheme for Dynamic Active Power Balance of Modules in Cascaded H-Bridge STATCOMs

Chen Xu, Jingjing Chen, Ke Dai (Corresponding author)

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2 Citations (Scopus)


In the medium-voltage power distribution system, cascaded H-bridge (CHB) static synchronous compensators (STATCOMs) are widely utilized to solve power quality issues by injecting the controlled reactive current into the system. The carrier-phase-shifted (CPS) pulse-width-modulation (PWM) scheme is preferred for CHB-STATCOMs, because it can minimize the compensating current distortion and realize the relative active power balance among the H-bridge modules. This paper reveals the influence of the carrier phase difference on the module active power balance, and proposes a carrier rotation technique with a CPS-PWM scheme to address this drawback. The rotation rules were analyzed, and the rotation time was especially designed to enhance the robustness of the system. With the proposed method, the natural dynamic active power balance of each module could be achieved, and the capacitor voltage could maintain balance without the individual capacitor voltage control or the auxiliary circuits in theory. The experimental results acquired from a downscaled CHB-STATCOM prototype demonstrated the feasibility of the proposed CPS rotation PWM scheme
Original languageEnglish
Article number1052
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • cascaded H-bridge
  • static synchronous compensator
  • carrier-phase-shifted
  • carrier rotation
  • active power balance
  • multilevel converter

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