Carbon nanotube network formation from evaporating sessile drops

W.R. Small, C.D. Walton, J. Loos, M. Panhuis, in het

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50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fabrication of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) networks using evaporation of SDS-SWNT sessile drops on a hydrophobized silicon substrate is reported. It is suggested that the organization of nanotubes during evaporation is controlled by aggregates (in the SDS-SWNT dispersion) and hydrophobicity of the substrate. On hydrophobic substrates, the evaporation of SDS-SWNT sessile drops proceeds through constant contact area. On hydrophilic substrates, nanotube aggregates in SDS-SWNT dispersion stop the contact line from moving, resulting in the formation of "coffee-stains". The (partial) removal of aggregates by centrifugation is essential for a freely moving contact line leading to the organization of nanotubes into a network of homogeneously distributed nanotubes on the most hydrophobic substrate. The evaporation of sessile drops was characterized by microscopic, spectroscopic, and topographical techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13029-13036
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume110
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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