Carbon monoxide-induced reduction and healing of graphene oxide

B. Narayanan, S.L. Weeks, B.N. Jariwala, B. Macco, J.W. Weber, S.J. Rathi, M.C.M. Sanden, van de, P. Sutter, S. Agarwal, C.V. Ciobanu

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Abstract

Graphene oxide holds promise as a carbon-based nanomaterial that can be produced inexpensively in large quantities. However, its structural and electrical properties remain far from those of the graphene sheets obtained by mechanical exfoliation or by chemical vapor deposition—unless efficient reduction methods that preserve the integrity of the parent carbon-network structure are found. Here, the authors use molecular dynamics and density functional theory calculations to show that the oxygen from the main functional groups present on graphene oxide sheets is removed by the reducing action of carbon monoxide; the energy barriers for reduction by CO are very small and easily overcome at low temperatures. Infrared and Raman spectroscopy experiments confirm the reduction in CO atmosphere and also reveal a strong tendency for CO to heal vacancies in the carbon network. Our results show that reduced graphene oxide with superior properties can be obtained through reduction in CO atmosphere.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)040601-1/8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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