Capacitive current interruption with air-break high voltage disconnectors

Y. Chai, P.A.A.F. Wouters, R.T.W.J. Hoppe, van, R.P.P. Smeets, D.F. Peelo

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Abstract

Capacitive current interruption with air-break disconnectors in a high-voltage network is an interactive event between the circuit and arc with a variety of interruptions and reignitions. In this contribution, first, a theoretical analysis related to this interaction is presented. The effect of capacitances at the source side (Cs ) and load side (Cl ) is investigated. Three distinct frequencies are identified as contributing to the voltage and current events in the circuit. Besides the power frequency quantities, a medium frequency transient arises related to the excursion of voltage across capacitances to the applied voltage, and a high-frequency transient arises due to charge redistribution between load- and source-side capacitance at reignition. Second, experimental results from an interruption measurement are studied in detail. Typical waveshapes of voltages across the capacitances, disconnector, and currents through the disconnector show that the transients during interrupted are in agreement with the theoretical analysis. Reignition voltage of the air gap and energy input to the arc on reignition are also studied. It is concluded that besides a higher interruption current and a higher power supply level, a lower Cs /Cl ratio leads to more severe interruption and longer arc duration. Finally, the actual status of IEC recommendations on testing, that has taken into account this arc-circuit interaction, is summarized.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-769
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Electric potential
Capacitance
Air
Networks (circuits)
Testing

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title = "Capacitive current interruption with air-break high voltage disconnectors",
abstract = "Capacitive current interruption with air-break disconnectors in a high-voltage network is an interactive event between the circuit and arc with a variety of interruptions and reignitions. In this contribution, first, a theoretical analysis related to this interaction is presented. The effect of capacitances at the source side (Cs ) and load side (Cl ) is investigated. Three distinct frequencies are identified as contributing to the voltage and current events in the circuit. Besides the power frequency quantities, a medium frequency transient arises related to the excursion of voltage across capacitances to the applied voltage, and a high-frequency transient arises due to charge redistribution between load- and source-side capacitance at reignition. Second, experimental results from an interruption measurement are studied in detail. Typical waveshapes of voltages across the capacitances, disconnector, and currents through the disconnector show that the transients during interrupted are in agreement with the theoretical analysis. Reignition voltage of the air gap and energy input to the arc on reignition are also studied. It is concluded that besides a higher interruption current and a higher power supply level, a lower Cs /Cl ratio leads to more severe interruption and longer arc duration. Finally, the actual status of IEC recommendations on testing, that has taken into account this arc-circuit interaction, is summarized.",
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Capacitive current interruption with air-break high voltage disconnectors. / Chai, Y.; Wouters, P.A.A.F.; Hoppe, van, R.T.W.J.; Smeets, R.P.P.; Peelo, D.F.

In: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2010, p. 762-769.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Chai, Y.

AU - Wouters, P.A.A.F.

AU - Hoppe, van, R.T.W.J.

AU - Smeets, R.P.P.

AU - Peelo, D.F.

PY - 2010

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N2 - Capacitive current interruption with air-break disconnectors in a high-voltage network is an interactive event between the circuit and arc with a variety of interruptions and reignitions. In this contribution, first, a theoretical analysis related to this interaction is presented. The effect of capacitances at the source side (Cs ) and load side (Cl ) is investigated. Three distinct frequencies are identified as contributing to the voltage and current events in the circuit. Besides the power frequency quantities, a medium frequency transient arises related to the excursion of voltage across capacitances to the applied voltage, and a high-frequency transient arises due to charge redistribution between load- and source-side capacitance at reignition. Second, experimental results from an interruption measurement are studied in detail. Typical waveshapes of voltages across the capacitances, disconnector, and currents through the disconnector show that the transients during interrupted are in agreement with the theoretical analysis. Reignition voltage of the air gap and energy input to the arc on reignition are also studied. It is concluded that besides a higher interruption current and a higher power supply level, a lower Cs /Cl ratio leads to more severe interruption and longer arc duration. Finally, the actual status of IEC recommendations on testing, that has taken into account this arc-circuit interaction, is summarized.

AB - Capacitive current interruption with air-break disconnectors in a high-voltage network is an interactive event between the circuit and arc with a variety of interruptions and reignitions. In this contribution, first, a theoretical analysis related to this interaction is presented. The effect of capacitances at the source side (Cs ) and load side (Cl ) is investigated. Three distinct frequencies are identified as contributing to the voltage and current events in the circuit. Besides the power frequency quantities, a medium frequency transient arises related to the excursion of voltage across capacitances to the applied voltage, and a high-frequency transient arises due to charge redistribution between load- and source-side capacitance at reignition. Second, experimental results from an interruption measurement are studied in detail. Typical waveshapes of voltages across the capacitances, disconnector, and currents through the disconnector show that the transients during interrupted are in agreement with the theoretical analysis. Reignition voltage of the air gap and energy input to the arc on reignition are also studied. It is concluded that besides a higher interruption current and a higher power supply level, a lower Cs /Cl ratio leads to more severe interruption and longer arc duration. Finally, the actual status of IEC recommendations on testing, that has taken into account this arc-circuit interaction, is summarized.

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