Campus, technopole, science, technology or research park: a typology study on science parks in Europe

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic


Although science parks are established globally for decades, still limited
attention is paid towards research into possible typologies within these
real estate concepts. Science parks are believed to enhance, among others,
innovative output, entrepreneurship, and economic value for firms
and regions. Past academic research shows mixed results on these performances
and suggests that the lack of clear results is due to not taking into
account the wide variety of of types of science parks that exist in reality.
Prior attempts in categorizing science parks are characterized by the limited
number of cases and variables. Therefore the present study serves to
fill this gap in the literature by developing a more comprehensive analysis
of science park typologies. A large-scale survey on science park characteristics
is distributed among all known science park managers/owners in
Europe in order to collect data on both physical and non-physical science
parks features. The selected variables of science park features are based
on prior academic research. The total list of science parks is compiled
through a number of sources including desk research (case studies reported
in the literature), member lists of science park associations and other
registers. A cluster analysis is conducted to group the different science
parks into types with clearer differences. The typologies of science parks,
derived in this way from data, provide a further understanding of science
parks in general and offers researchers and practitioners a means to compare,
market, and benchmark science parks more adequately.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017
Event24th Annual European Real Estate Society Conference (ERES 2017) - Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 28 Jun 20171 Jul 2017
Conference number: 24


Conference24th Annual European Real Estate Society Conference (ERES 2017)
Abbreviated titleERES 2017
Internet address


  • science parks
  • technology parks
  • cluster analysis
  • campuses
  • typology
  • real estate


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