Burnout and work engagement : a thorough investigation of the independency of both constructs

E. Demerouti, K. Mostert, A.B. Bakker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

586 Citations (Scopus)
16 Downloads (Pure)


This study among 528 South African employees working in the construction industry examined the dimensionality of burnout and work engagement, using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory, and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. On the basis of the literature, we predicted that cynicism and dedication are opposite ends of one underlying attitude dimension (called "identification"), and that exhaustion and vigor are opposite ends of one "energy" dimension. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that while the attitude constructs represent opposite ends of one continuum, the energy constructs do not—although they are highly correlated. These findings are also supported by the pattern of relationships between burnout and work engagement on the one hand, and predictors (i.e., work pressure, autonomy) and outcomes (i.e., organizational commitment, mental health) on the other hand. Implications for the measurement and conceptualization of burnout and work engagement are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-222
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Occupational Health Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010


Dive into the research topics of 'Burnout and work engagement : a thorough investigation of the independency of both constructs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this