Building for health; beyond satisfaction

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic


The built environment for healthcare facilities, demands requirements beyond safety, comfort and satisfaction, because the world is ageing. Ageing adults are more at risk to obtain one or more non-communicable diseases. The World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, disability and health (ICF) framework illustrates that several contextual factors (environmental and personal) has an influence on people's health condition. In the ICF model the built environment is part of the environmental factors. Environmental factors are not in the person's control. A theoretical approach is taken by using the ICF model for identifying aspects in the built environment which might hinder or support ageing adults with a long-term health condition in their daily life. This is done to explore the requirements for building's performance to support ageing adults functioning. In addition, to guide building research and practice thinking about indoor environmental quality in order to create healthy building conditions for older occupants. The ICF framework distinguish the building related components light (e240), sound (e250) and air quality (e260) as components of environmental factors which influences people's functioning. Functioning is expressed as daily functioning (ADL). ADL expresses activities for daily self-care such as personal care. The building environment can be seen as a facilitator qualifier when building related components are such that ageing adults' performance is higher than their capacities for self-care. Therefore building physical aspects can also be applied as indoor environmental interventions to maintain or enhance the health condition of ageing adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pagespaper ID614
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
EventHealthy Buildings Europe 2015, HB 2015 - Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Duration: 18 May 201520 May 2015


ConferenceHealthy Buildings Europe 2015, HB 2015
Abbreviated titleHB 2015 Europe
Internet address


  • Health
  • ICF
  • Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)


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