Buffer sizing for rate-optimal single-rate data-flow scheduling revisited

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Single-Rate Data-Flow (SRDF) graphs, also known as Homogeneous Synchronous Data-Flow (HSDF) graphs or Marked Graphs, are often used to model the implementation and do temporal analysis of concurrent DSP and multimedia applications. An important problem in implementing applications expressed as SRDF graphs is the computation of the minimal amount of buffering needed to implement a static periodic schedule (SPS) that is optimal in terms of execution rate, or throughput. Ning and Gao [1] propose a linear-programming-based polynomial algorithm to compute this minimal storage amount, claiming optimality. We show via a counterexample that the proposed algorithm is not optimal. We prove that the problem is, in fact, NP-complete. We give an exact solution, and experimentally evaluate the degree of inaccuracy of the algorithm of Ning and Gao.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-201
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computers
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010


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