Breaking out of the national : foundations for a multi-scalar perspective of socio-technical transitions

R.P.J.M. Raven, J.W. Schot, F. Berkhout

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The multi-level perspective (MLP) is a widely-adopted framework for analysing stability, change and transitions in socio-technical systems. Key to explanations of change is the interaction between nested levels (niche, regime, landscape) constituting socio-technical systems over time. This paper proposes a second generation MLP that explicitly incorporates a spatial dimension. Recent developments in innovation studies and contributions from regional studies and geography are reviewed. We draw on notions of space as being relational, fluid and contested by institutionally-situated actors. Dynamics in socio-technical systems are explained not only by interactions between modes of structuration and developments over time, but also by interactions between actors and institutions situated across different levels of spatial scale. The paper re-visits an existing case study of biomass gasification in India to show the kinds of insights that might emerge from adopting a second generation MLP to socio-technical system dynamics.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEindhoven
PublisherTechnische Universiteit Eindhoven
Number of pages30
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameECIS working paper series


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