Bottleneck crossover between classical and quantum superfluid turbulence

V.S. L'vov, S. Nazarenko, O. Rudenko

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    We consider superfluid turbulence near absolute zero of temperature generated by classical means, e.g., towed grid or rotation but not by counterflow. We argue that such turbulence consists of a polarized tangle of mutually interacting vortex filaments with quantized vorticity. For this system, we predict and describe a bottleneck accumulation of the energy spectrum at the classical-quantum crossover scale l. Demanding the same energy flux through scales, the value of the energy at the crossover scale should exceed the Kolmogorov-41 (K41) spectrum by a large factor ln10/3(l/a0) (l is the mean intervortex distance and a0 is the vortex core radius) for the classical and quantum spectra to be matched in value. One of the important consequences of the bottleneck is that it causes the mean vortex line density to be considerably higher than that based on K41 alone, and this should be taken into account in (re)interpretation of new (and old) experiments as well as in further theoretical studies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number024520
    Pages (from-to)024520-1/9
    Number of pages9
    JournalPhysical Review B
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


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