Bose-Einstein condensation of Efimovian triples in the unitary Bose gas

S. Musolino (Corresponding author), H. Kurkjian, M. Van Regemortel, M. Wouters, S.J.J M.F. Kokkelmans, V.E. Colussi

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In an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate quenched to the unitary regime, we predict the sequential formation of a significant fraction of condensed pairs and triples. At short-distances, we demonstrate the two-body and Efimovian character of the condensed pairs and triples, respectively. As the system evolves, the size of the condensed pairs and triples becomes comparable to the interparticle distance, such that many-body effects become significant. The structure of the condensed triples depends on the relative size of Efimov states to density scales. Unexpectedly, we find universal condensed triples in the limit where these scales are well-separated. Our findings provide a new framework for understanding dynamics in the unitary regime as the Bose-Einstein condensation of few-body composites.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2106.10991
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2021


  • Condensed Matter - Quantum Gases


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