Boosting thermochemical performance of SrBr2·6H2O with a secondary salt hydrate

Natalia Mazur, Isidoros Kotinis, Henk Huinink (Corresponding author), Hartmut Fischer, Olaf Adan

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Abstract

This work systematically investigates the effect of 9 inorganic salt hydrates on the performance of strontium bromide (SrBr2) a thermochemical material (TCM). The goal is to boost the performance of this base salt by enhancing the reaction kinetics of the SrBr2 6-1 transition or by shrinking the reaction hysteresis. The study shows that the added salts that do not share a common ion with SrBr2 (LiCl, LiF, ZnF2, ZnI2, K2CO3) give limited to no benefits. The lack of improvement is due to a side reaction between SrBr2 and the added salt leading to the formation of new salt hydrate with low hygroscopicity that does not contribute to the thermochemical reaction. The addition of hygroscopic bromide salts with divalent cations (ZnBr2, CaBr2, MnBr2) gave mixed results depending on the sample history. The most likely cause is cation exchange between bromide salts occurring during exposure to high vapour pressures which promote ionic mobility. The overall best performance was achieved with the addition of LiBr, which we attribute to its high hygroscopicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112748
Number of pages12
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume268
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors

Funding

This publication is part of the project Mat4Heat with project number 739.017.014 of the research programme Mat4Sus which is financed by the Netherlands Research Council (NWO).

FundersFunder number
Netherlands Research Council
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek

    Keywords

    • Composite
    • Deliquescence
    • Reaction kinetics
    • Salt hydrates
    • Strontium bromide
    • Thermochemical heat storage

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