Boosting the energy efficiency of a nanosecond pulsed corona plasma system with a multiple-wire plasma reactor

T. Huiskamp (Corresponding author), S. Subramanian, V. Gururajan, W.P. Schroeder, C.A. Schroeder, M.A. Gundersen, S.B. Cronin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transient plasma generated by high-voltage nanosecond pulses in a pulsed corona configuration has proven to be an efficient medium for e.g., air purification applications. In this article, we present a study on boosting the energy efficiency of such a system by using a special type of plasma reactor: the multiple-wire plasma reactor. The basic principle of such a reactor is that it has a lower transmission-line impedance than a normal wire-cylinder reactor while at the same time still producing the required high electric fields necessary for plasma generation. The lower impedance of the reactor results in a smaller impedance mismatch between the high-voltage pulse source and the reactor, thereby minimizing pulse reflections on the source-reactor interface, increasing the energy efficiency of the system. We calculate the impedance of the multiple-wire reactor and assess both the electrical energy efficiency as well as the chemical efficiency of the plasma by measuring electrical energies and ozone concentrations generated by the plasma when energized by a fast solid-state nanosecond pulse source (with 7-ns rise time pulses of up to 20kV) for a range of multiple-wire plasma reactor parameters. We show that with the multiple-wire reactor we can almost double the energy efficiency of the reactor (from 45% to 85%), reduce the voltage stress in the system by 29%-31% and increase the system efficiency by 95%-98% when using a multiple-wire electrode geometry (as compared to a single-wire system).

Original languageEnglish
Article number8931761
Pages (from-to)245-257
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Energy efficiency
  • high-voltage
  • pulsed power supply
  • transient plasma

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    Huiskamp, T., Subramanian, S., Gururajan, V., Schroeder, W. P., Schroeder, C. A., Gundersen, M. A., & Cronin, S. B. (2020). Boosting the energy efficiency of a nanosecond pulsed corona plasma system with a multiple-wire plasma reactor. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 48(1), 245-257. [8931761]. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPS.2019.2956548