Bone metastasis treatment using magnetic resonance-guided high intensity focused ultrasound

S.Y. Yeo, A. Elevelt, K. Donato, B. van Rietbergen, N.D. ter Hoeve, P.J. van Diest, H. Grüll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Bone pain resulting from cancer metastases reduces a patient’s quality of life. Magnetic Resonance-guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (MR-HIFU) is a promising alternative palliative thermal treatment technique for bone metastases that has been tested in a few clinical studies. Here, we describe a comprehensive pre-clinical study to investigate the effects, and efficacy of MR-HIFU ablation for the palliative treatment of osteoblastic bone metastases in rats. Materials and Methods Prostate cancer cells (MATLyLu) were injected intra-osseously in Copenhagen rats. Upon detection of pain, as determined with a dynamic weight bearing (DWB) system, a MR-HIFU system was used to thermally ablate the bone region with tumor. Treatment effect and efficacy were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with technetium-99m medronate (99mTc-MDP), micro-computed tomography (µCT) and histology. Results DWB analysis demonstrated that MR-HIFU-treated animals retained 58.6 ± 20.4% of limb usage as compared to 2.6 ± 6.3% in untreated animals (P = 0.003). MR-HIFU delayed tumor specific growth rates (SGR) from 29 ± 6 to 13 ± 5 %/day (P <0.001). Untreated animals (316.5 ± 78.9 mm3) had a greater accumulation of 99mTc-MDP than HIFU-treated animals (127.0 ± 42.7 mm3, P = 0.004). The total bone volume increase for untreated and HIFU-treated animals was 15.6 ± 9.6% and 3.0 ± 4.1% (P = 0.004), respectively. Histological analysis showed ablation of nerve fibers, tumor, inflammatory and bone cells. Conclusions Our study provides a detailed characterization of the effects of MR-HIFU treatment on bone metastases, and provides fundamental data, which may motivate and advance its use in the clinical treatment of painful bone metastases with MR-HIFU.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-523
JournalBone
Volume81
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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