This work analyses the effect of UV-free blue light (BL) irradiation of the skin using mathematical modelling. Prior research has shown that blue light reduces the proliferation of keratinocytes by inducing their differentiation, and causes apoptosis of lymphocytes. The effects of blue light on these cells make it an attractive phototherapy alternative for inflammatory skin conditions, such as psoriasis. Nevertheless, the exact process by which BL affects these cells is not fully understood. A modelling approach may give further insight to understanding how BL irradiation of psoriatic skin leads to the control of the disease. However, no mathematical model is available describing this phenomenon. Two deterministic models were therefore made to describe the epidermal kinetics and interaction between keratinocytes and lymphocytes under the effect of BL irradiation; focusing mainly on the case of psoriasis. We employed a systems biology approach to characterize the effect of BL irradiation of the skin. Since in phototherapy parameters such as fluence and power have a strong impact on the outcome, a parameter sensitivity analysis (PSA) was performed to estimate a range of fluence and power at which BL phototherapy could be successful. The models results suggest that the management of psoriasis is achieved by inducing symmetric differentiation of the keratinocytes in the epidermal proliferative compartment. It is observed that BL irradiation of psoriatic skin decreases the density of keratinocytes and transiently increases the density of lymphocytes, leading to the regulation of the interaction between these two cell types. The PSA of the models predicts that the higher the peak power the better the outcome of the BL phototherapy with a dose of 90J/cm2 per day. This systems biology approach provides additional insight into the use of BL phototherapy for inflammatory skin disorders.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the SB@NL2014 Symposium (Systems Biology: Tackling Complexity through Data Integration), 15-16 December 2014, Maastricht, The Netherlands|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|