The objective of this study was to develop radiopaque iodinated emulsions for use as CT blood pool contrast agents. Three hydrophobic iodinated oils were synthesized based on the 2,3,5-triiodobenzoate moiety and formulated into emulsions using either phospholipids or amphiphilic polymers, i.e. Pluronic F68 and poly(butadiene)-b-poly(ethylene glycol) (PBD-PEO), as emulsifiers. The size, stability and cell viability was investigated for all stabilized emulsions. Three emulsions stabilized with either lipids or PBD-PEO were subsequently tested in vivo as a CT blood pool contrast agent in mice. While the lipid-stabilized emulsions turned out unstable in vivo, polymer-stabilized emulsions performed well in vivo. In blood, a contrast enhancement of 220 Hounsfield Units (HU) was measured directly after intravenous administration of 520 mg I/kg. The blood circulation half-life of a PBD-PEO stabilized emulsion was approximately 3 h and no noticeable in vivo toxicity was observed. These results show the potential of above emulsions for use as blood pool agents in contrast enhanced CT imaging.
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2010|
- Computed tomography (CT)
- Contrast agent
- X-ray imaging