Blends of fatty-acid-modified dendrimers with polyolefins

B.J. Bauer, A. Ramzi, D. Liu, R.L. Scherrenberg, P. Froehling, J. Joosten

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    Blends were made by solution and melt-mixing fatty-acid-modified dendrimers with various polyolefins. Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) was used to determine the miscibility of the blends. Poly(propylene imine) (PPI) dendrimers G1, G3, and G5 [DAB-dendr-(NH2)y] with y = 4, 16, and 64, were reacted with stearic acid or stearic acid-d35 forming amide bonds. The modified dendrimers were then blended with high-density polyethylene (HDPE), high-density polyethylene-d4 (HDPE-d4), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), amorphous polypropylene (PP), or an ethylene-butylene copolymer (E-co-B). Limiting power law behavior shows that all of the blends are immiscible. It is likely that the dendrimers form a second phase, being finely dispersed, but thermodynamically immiscible.

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