Bifurcation-based shimmy analysis of landing gears using flexible multibody models

Camiel Beckers, A. Emre Öngüt, G. Verbeek, Rob Fey, Yves Lemmens, Nathan van de Wouw

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)


Shimmy oscillations are undesired vibrations in aircraft landing gears. In this chapter, the onset of shimmy vibrations, marked by Hopf bifurcations, is investigated in the parameter space of high-fidelity, flexible multibody landing gear models. Such a bifurcation analysis is performed by combining the Virtual.Lab Motion multibody solver with the numerical continuation software AUTO. The resulting quasi-2-parameter bifurcation diagrams, involving aircraft velocity and normal load, are verified using conventional time-simulation methods and are shown to be computationally more efficient. A sensitivity study reveals the influence of design parameters, such as the shimmy damping coefficient, mechanical trail, and steering actuator stiffness, on the occurrence of shimmy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNonlinear Structural Dynamics and Damping
EditorsJuan Carlos Jauregui
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-13317-7
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-13316-0
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2019

Publication series

NameMechanisms and Machine Science
ISSN (Print)2211-0984
ISSN (Electronic)2211-0992


  • Bifurcation analysis
  • Flexible multibody dynamics
  • Shimmy
  • Landing gear dynamics


Dive into the research topics of 'Bifurcation-based shimmy analysis of landing gears using flexible multibody models'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this