Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design

L.E. van Zyl, E. Efendic, Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr., R. Shankland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Positive psychological interventions (PPIs) have been subjected to considerable criticism in recent years. Following similar movements across other domains of psychology, attempts to replicate classic PPI studies have failed or have produced mixed results. Such failures are often justified with arguments that invoke the complexity of human nature, the influence of contextual factors (for example, hidden moderators) that may arise in different populations, poor evaluation frameworks, or humans being reactive in PPIs and, as a result, modifying their behavior when observed. However, without replicability and consistency in results over time, the validity of PPIs will remain questionable in the broader scientific community unless acted on. In this chapter, it is argued that the lack of replicability and poor effectiveness of PPIs are a function of problems occurring in five areas: (a) intervention design, (b) recruitment and retention of participants, (c) adoption, (d) issues with intervention fidelity and implementation, and (e) efficacy or effectivity evaluation. This chapter focuses on the problems associated with each of these areas and presents general (albeit brief) best-practice guidelines for PPIs, inspired by recent developments in intervention methodology.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationPositive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts
EditorsLlewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl, Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr.
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Chapter1
Pages1-32
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-20020-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-20019-0
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Jun 2019

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psychological intervention
research planning
best practice
scientific community
moderator
evaluation
criticism
psychology
human being
lack
methodology

Keywords

  • Positive psychological interventions
  • Intervention design
  • Best practices
  • Intervention guidelines

Cite this

van Zyl, L. E., Efendic, E., Rothmann Sr., S., & Shankland, R. (2019). Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design. In L. E. Van Zyl, & S. Rothmann Sr. (Eds.), Positive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts (pp. 1-32). Cham: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20020-6_1
van Zyl, L.E. ; Efendic, E. ; Rothmann Sr., Sebastiaan ; Shankland, R./ Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design. Positive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts . editor / Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl ; Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr.Cham : Springer, 2019. pp. 1-32
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van Zyl, LE, Efendic, E, Rothmann Sr., S & Shankland, R 2019, Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design. in LE Van Zyl & S Rothmann Sr. (eds), Positive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts . Springer, Cham, pp. 1-32. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20020-6_1

Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design. / van Zyl, L.E.; Efendic, E.; Rothmann Sr., Sebastiaan; Shankland, R.

Positive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts . ed. / Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl; Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr.Cham : Springer, 2019. p. 1-32.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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van Zyl LE, Efendic E, Rothmann Sr. S, Shankland R. Best-practice guidelines for positive psychological intervention research design. In Van Zyl LE, Rothmann Sr. S, editors, Positive psychological intervention design and protocols for multi-cultural contexts . Cham: Springer. 2019. p. 1-32. Available from, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20020-6_1