Axial segregation in high intensity discharge lamps measured by laser absorption spectroscopy

A.J. Flikweert, T. Nimalasuriya, C.H.J.M. Groothuis, G.M.W. Kroesen, W.W. Stoffels

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High intensity discharge lamps have a high efficiency. These lamps contain rare-earth additives (in our case dysprosium iodide) which radiate very efficiently. A problem is color separation in the lamp because of axial segregation of the rare-earth additives, caused by diffusion and convection. Here two-dimensional atomic dysprosium density profiles are measured by means of laser absorption spectroscopy; the order of magnitude of the density is 1022 m–3. The radially resolved atomic density measurements show a hollow density profile. In the outer parts of the lamp molecules dominate, while the center is depleted of dysprosium atoms due to ionization. From the axial profiles the segregation parameter is determined. It is shown that the lamp operates on the right-hand side of the Fischer curve [J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2954 (1976)], i.e., a larger convection leads to less segregation. ©2005 American Institute of Physics
Original languageEnglish
Article number073301
Pages (from-to)073301-1/5
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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