Automatic segmentation of the aortic root in CT angiography of candidate patients for transcatheter aortic valve implantation

M.A. Elattar, E. Wiegerinck, R.N. Planken, E.T. VanBavel, H.C. Assen, van, J. Baan Jr., H.A. Marquering

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21 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a minimal-invasive intervention for implanting prosthetic valves in patients with aortic stenosis. Accurate automated sizing for planning and patient selection is expected to reduce adverse effects such as paravalvular leakage and stroke. Segmentation of the aortic root in CTA is pivotal to enable automated sizing and planning. We present a fully automated segmentation algorithm to extract the aortic root from CTA volumes consisting of a number of steps: first, the volume of interest is automatically detected, and the centerline through the ascending aorta and aortic root centerline are determined. Subsequently, high intensities due to calcifications are masked. Next, the aortic root is represented in cylindrical coordinates. Finally, the aortic root is segmented using 3D normalized cuts. The method was validated against manual delineations by calculating Dice coefficients and average distance error in 20 patients. The method successfully segmented the aortic root in all 20 cases. The mean Dice coefficient was 0.95 ± 0.03, and the mean radial absolute error was 0.74 ± 0.39 mm, where the interobserver Dice coefficient was 0.95 ± 0.03 and the mean error was 0.68 ± 0.34¿mm. The proposed algorithm showed accurate results compared to manual segmentations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-618
Number of pages8
JournalMedical and Biological Engineering and Computing
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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