Automated Negotiation for Peer-To-Peer Trading of Renewable Energy in Off-Grid Communities

Christie Etukudor, Valentin Robu, Benoit Couraud, Gudrun Kocher, Wolf-Gerrit Früh, David Flynn, Chinonso Okereke

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Electricity-Access is a growing concern in developing countries of Sub-Saharan Africa where approximately 563million people (8% of the global population) lack electricity. Many use fossil-fuel generators and/or solar-home-systems (SHSs) with storage. Given the observed excess and unutilized electricity generated from these SHSs, a novel community peer-To-peer (P2P) electricity-market using automated negotiations is presented as a solution to improve access to electricity. Software agents representing World Bank Tiers 1-4 electricity-Access households bilaterally negotiate electricity price and quantities applying five different negotiations heuristics. Simulation results show 65-100% trade of the excess generation; with Tiers 1-2 (low-income households) negotiating sufficient electricity (1-1.1kWh/day) at the least market-price of £0.35/kWh to move to Tier 3. Likewise, the Tier 3 household agent negotiated 1.5kWh/day sufficient to meet its needs. This novel electricitymarket model can help drive the United Nations goal of affordable, sustainable and modern energy for all by 2030.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE PES/IAS PowerAfrica
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-1010-3
Publication statusPublished - 8 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE PES/IAS Powerafrica 2019 Conference - Abuja, Nigeria
Duration: 20 Aug 201923 Aug 2019


ConferenceIEEE PES/IAS Powerafrica 2019 Conference


  • automated negotiations
  • heuristic algorithms
  • multi-Agents trading
  • P2P Electricity Trade


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