Automated Markov analysis on safety systems to evaluate the reliability

E.G. Bliek, van den, R.Th.E. Spiker, J.L. Rouvroye, A.C. Brombacher

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

    Abstract

    To reduce the inherent risk of industrial processes to an acceptable level, a safety instrumented system (SIS) can be added to the process. The main function of this system is to intervene when the process runs out of control. This intervention consists of taking the process back to a safe state, often a shutdown of the process. A safety instrumented system generally consists of sensors, a logic solver and actuators. To determine the risk of the process, the safety and reliability of the safety instrumented system have to be analysed. This analysis has to comply with several standards, of which the IEC61508 standard is the most recent and, by many people also considered most relevant, standard. One of the results of a safety analysis in accordance with IEC61508, is the safety integrity level (SIL) of the system. As defined by this standard the SIL indicates the average probability that the safety instrumented system will not perform its safety function on demand. As proven by Rouvroye et al. (1996) enhanced Markov analysis is currently the most comprehensive analysis method available to calculate the SIL. This analysis method has a scientifically sound basis, but also has some practical drawbacks. The analysis can become quite time-consuming and complex. One way to overcome these drawbacks is an automated software tool. A prototype of such a tool has been developed and is called A-MASTER: Automated Markov Analysis on Safety systems to Evaluate the Reliability. The paper explains several development aspects of such an automated software tool and the principles which underlie A-MASTER and its main functionality. It also gives a practical application of the tool
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCompliance, safety and environmental advances : technology update LIV ; 5-7 October 1999, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA ; international conference and exposition for advancing measurement, control and automation technologies, products and services / Ed. K. Konrad
    Place of PublicationResearch Triangle Park, NC
    PublisherInstrument Society of America
    Pages117-126
    ISBN (Print)1-556-17708-9
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

    Publication series

    NameTechnical papers of ISA
    Volume394

    Fingerprint

    Security systems
    Plant shutdowns
    Actuators
    Acoustic waves
    Sensors

    Cite this

    Bliek, van den, E. G., Spiker, R. T. E., Rouvroye, J. L., & Brombacher, A. C. (1999). Automated Markov analysis on safety systems to evaluate the reliability. In Compliance, safety and environmental advances : technology update LIV ; 5-7 October 1999, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA ; international conference and exposition for advancing measurement, control and automation technologies, products and services / Ed. K. Konrad (pp. 117-126). (Technical papers of ISA; Vol. 394). Research Triangle Park, NC: Instrument Society of America.
    Bliek, van den, E.G. ; Spiker, R.Th.E. ; Rouvroye, J.L. ; Brombacher, A.C. / Automated Markov analysis on safety systems to evaluate the reliability. Compliance, safety and environmental advances : technology update LIV ; 5-7 October 1999, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA ; international conference and exposition for advancing measurement, control and automation technologies, products and services / Ed. K. Konrad. Research Triangle Park, NC : Instrument Society of America, 1999. pp. 117-126 (Technical papers of ISA).
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    abstract = "To reduce the inherent risk of industrial processes to an acceptable level, a safety instrumented system (SIS) can be added to the process. The main function of this system is to intervene when the process runs out of control. This intervention consists of taking the process back to a safe state, often a shutdown of the process. A safety instrumented system generally consists of sensors, a logic solver and actuators. To determine the risk of the process, the safety and reliability of the safety instrumented system have to be analysed. This analysis has to comply with several standards, of which the IEC61508 standard is the most recent and, by many people also considered most relevant, standard. One of the results of a safety analysis in accordance with IEC61508, is the safety integrity level (SIL) of the system. As defined by this standard the SIL indicates the average probability that the safety instrumented system will not perform its safety function on demand. As proven by Rouvroye et al. (1996) enhanced Markov analysis is currently the most comprehensive analysis method available to calculate the SIL. This analysis method has a scientifically sound basis, but also has some practical drawbacks. The analysis can become quite time-consuming and complex. One way to overcome these drawbacks is an automated software tool. A prototype of such a tool has been developed and is called A-MASTER: Automated Markov Analysis on Safety systems to Evaluate the Reliability. The paper explains several development aspects of such an automated software tool and the principles which underlie A-MASTER and its main functionality. It also gives a practical application of the tool",
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    Bliek, van den, EG, Spiker, RTE, Rouvroye, JL & Brombacher, AC 1999, Automated Markov analysis on safety systems to evaluate the reliability. in Compliance, safety and environmental advances : technology update LIV ; 5-7 October 1999, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA ; international conference and exposition for advancing measurement, control and automation technologies, products and services / Ed. K. Konrad. Technical papers of ISA, vol. 394, Instrument Society of America, Research Triangle Park, NC, pp. 117-126.

    Automated Markov analysis on safety systems to evaluate the reliability. / Bliek, van den, E.G.; Spiker, R.Th.E.; Rouvroye, J.L.; Brombacher, A.C.

    Compliance, safety and environmental advances : technology update LIV ; 5-7 October 1999, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA ; international conference and exposition for advancing measurement, control and automation technologies, products and services / Ed. K. Konrad. Research Triangle Park, NC : Instrument Society of America, 1999. p. 117-126 (Technical papers of ISA; Vol. 394).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

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    T1 - Automated Markov analysis on safety systems to evaluate the reliability

    AU - Bliek, van den, E.G.

    AU - Spiker, R.Th.E.

    AU - Rouvroye, J.L.

    AU - Brombacher, A.C.

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    N2 - To reduce the inherent risk of industrial processes to an acceptable level, a safety instrumented system (SIS) can be added to the process. The main function of this system is to intervene when the process runs out of control. This intervention consists of taking the process back to a safe state, often a shutdown of the process. A safety instrumented system generally consists of sensors, a logic solver and actuators. To determine the risk of the process, the safety and reliability of the safety instrumented system have to be analysed. This analysis has to comply with several standards, of which the IEC61508 standard is the most recent and, by many people also considered most relevant, standard. One of the results of a safety analysis in accordance with IEC61508, is the safety integrity level (SIL) of the system. As defined by this standard the SIL indicates the average probability that the safety instrumented system will not perform its safety function on demand. As proven by Rouvroye et al. (1996) enhanced Markov analysis is currently the most comprehensive analysis method available to calculate the SIL. This analysis method has a scientifically sound basis, but also has some practical drawbacks. The analysis can become quite time-consuming and complex. One way to overcome these drawbacks is an automated software tool. A prototype of such a tool has been developed and is called A-MASTER: Automated Markov Analysis on Safety systems to Evaluate the Reliability. The paper explains several development aspects of such an automated software tool and the principles which underlie A-MASTER and its main functionality. It also gives a practical application of the tool

    AB - To reduce the inherent risk of industrial processes to an acceptable level, a safety instrumented system (SIS) can be added to the process. The main function of this system is to intervene when the process runs out of control. This intervention consists of taking the process back to a safe state, often a shutdown of the process. A safety instrumented system generally consists of sensors, a logic solver and actuators. To determine the risk of the process, the safety and reliability of the safety instrumented system have to be analysed. This analysis has to comply with several standards, of which the IEC61508 standard is the most recent and, by many people also considered most relevant, standard. One of the results of a safety analysis in accordance with IEC61508, is the safety integrity level (SIL) of the system. As defined by this standard the SIL indicates the average probability that the safety instrumented system will not perform its safety function on demand. As proven by Rouvroye et al. (1996) enhanced Markov analysis is currently the most comprehensive analysis method available to calculate the SIL. This analysis method has a scientifically sound basis, but also has some practical drawbacks. The analysis can become quite time-consuming and complex. One way to overcome these drawbacks is an automated software tool. A prototype of such a tool has been developed and is called A-MASTER: Automated Markov Analysis on Safety systems to Evaluate the Reliability. The paper explains several development aspects of such an automated software tool and the principles which underlie A-MASTER and its main functionality. It also gives a practical application of the tool

    M3 - Conference contribution

    SN - 1-556-17708-9

    T3 - Technical papers of ISA

    SP - 117

    EP - 126

    BT - Compliance, safety and environmental advances : technology update LIV ; 5-7 October 1999, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA ; international conference and exposition for advancing measurement, control and automation technologies, products and services / Ed. K. Konrad

    PB - Instrument Society of America

    CY - Research Triangle Park, NC

    ER -

    Bliek, van den EG, Spiker RTE, Rouvroye JL, Brombacher AC. Automated Markov analysis on safety systems to evaluate the reliability. In Compliance, safety and environmental advances : technology update LIV ; 5-7 October 1999, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA ; international conference and exposition for advancing measurement, control and automation technologies, products and services / Ed. K. Konrad. Research Triangle Park, NC: Instrument Society of America. 1999. p. 117-126. (Technical papers of ISA).