Automated cars meet human drivers: responsible human-robot coordination and the ethics of mixed traffic

Sven Nyholm, Jilles Smids

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we discuss the ethics of automated driving. More specifically, we discuss responsible human-robot coordination within mixed traffic: i.e. traffic involving both automated cars and conventional human-driven cars. We do three main things. First, we explain key differences in robotic and human agency and expectation-forming mechanisms that are likely to give rise to compatibility-problems in mixed traffic, which may lead to crashes and accidents. Second, we identify three possible solution-strategies for achieving better human-robot coordination within mixed traffic. Third, we identify important ethical challenges raised by each of these three possible strategies for achieving optimized human-robot cordination in this domain. Among other things, we argue that we should not just explore ways of making robotic driving more like human driving. Rather, we ought also to take seriously potential ways (e.g. technological means) of making human driving more like robotic driving. Nor should we assume that complete automation is always the ideal to aim for; in some traffic-situations, the best results may be achieved through human-robot collaboration. Ultimately, our main aim in this paper is to argue that the new field of the ethics of automated driving needs take seriously the ethics of mixed traffic and responsible human-robot coordination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalEthics and Information Technology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020

Fingerprint

robot
Railroad cars
driver
moral philosophy
traffic
Robots
Robotics
Accidents
automation
Automation
accident

Keywords

  • Agency
  • Automated driving
  • Ethics
  • Human-robot coordination
  • Responsible robotics

Cite this

@article{76772a261edf4e70b133dae5260c115c,
title = "Automated cars meet human drivers: responsible human-robot coordination and the ethics of mixed traffic",
abstract = "In this paper, we discuss the ethics of automated driving. More specifically, we discuss responsible human-robot coordination within mixed traffic: i.e. traffic involving both automated cars and conventional human-driven cars. We do three main things. First, we explain key differences in robotic and human agency and expectation-forming mechanisms that are likely to give rise to compatibility-problems in mixed traffic, which may lead to crashes and accidents. Second, we identify three possible solution-strategies for achieving better human-robot coordination within mixed traffic. Third, we identify important ethical challenges raised by each of these three possible strategies for achieving optimized human-robot cordination in this domain. Among other things, we argue that we should not just explore ways of making robotic driving more like human driving. Rather, we ought also to take seriously potential ways (e.g. technological means) of making human driving more like robotic driving. Nor should we assume that complete automation is always the ideal to aim for; in some traffic-situations, the best results may be achieved through human-robot collaboration. Ultimately, our main aim in this paper is to argue that the new field of the ethics of automated driving needs take seriously the ethics of mixed traffic and responsible human-robot coordination.",
keywords = "Agency, Automated driving, Ethics, Human-robot coordination, Responsible robotics",
author = "Sven Nyholm and Jilles Smids",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1007/s10676-018-9445-9",
language = "English",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "Ethics and Information Technology",
issn = "1388-1957",
publisher = "Springer",

}

Automated cars meet human drivers : responsible human-robot coordination and the ethics of mixed traffic. / Nyholm, Sven; Smids, Jilles.

In: Ethics and Information Technology, 2020, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Automated cars meet human drivers

T2 - responsible human-robot coordination and the ethics of mixed traffic

AU - Nyholm, Sven

AU - Smids, Jilles

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - In this paper, we discuss the ethics of automated driving. More specifically, we discuss responsible human-robot coordination within mixed traffic: i.e. traffic involving both automated cars and conventional human-driven cars. We do three main things. First, we explain key differences in robotic and human agency and expectation-forming mechanisms that are likely to give rise to compatibility-problems in mixed traffic, which may lead to crashes and accidents. Second, we identify three possible solution-strategies for achieving better human-robot coordination within mixed traffic. Third, we identify important ethical challenges raised by each of these three possible strategies for achieving optimized human-robot cordination in this domain. Among other things, we argue that we should not just explore ways of making robotic driving more like human driving. Rather, we ought also to take seriously potential ways (e.g. technological means) of making human driving more like robotic driving. Nor should we assume that complete automation is always the ideal to aim for; in some traffic-situations, the best results may be achieved through human-robot collaboration. Ultimately, our main aim in this paper is to argue that the new field of the ethics of automated driving needs take seriously the ethics of mixed traffic and responsible human-robot coordination.

AB - In this paper, we discuss the ethics of automated driving. More specifically, we discuss responsible human-robot coordination within mixed traffic: i.e. traffic involving both automated cars and conventional human-driven cars. We do three main things. First, we explain key differences in robotic and human agency and expectation-forming mechanisms that are likely to give rise to compatibility-problems in mixed traffic, which may lead to crashes and accidents. Second, we identify three possible solution-strategies for achieving better human-robot coordination within mixed traffic. Third, we identify important ethical challenges raised by each of these three possible strategies for achieving optimized human-robot cordination in this domain. Among other things, we argue that we should not just explore ways of making robotic driving more like human driving. Rather, we ought also to take seriously potential ways (e.g. technological means) of making human driving more like robotic driving. Nor should we assume that complete automation is always the ideal to aim for; in some traffic-situations, the best results may be achieved through human-robot collaboration. Ultimately, our main aim in this paper is to argue that the new field of the ethics of automated driving needs take seriously the ethics of mixed traffic and responsible human-robot coordination.

KW - Agency

KW - Automated driving

KW - Ethics

KW - Human-robot coordination

KW - Responsible robotics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041117742&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10676-018-9445-9

DO - 10.1007/s10676-018-9445-9

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85041117742

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - Ethics and Information Technology

JF - Ethics and Information Technology

SN - 1388-1957

ER -