In this paper we study some connectivity augmentation problems. We want to make planar graphs 2-vertex (or 2-edge) connected by adding edges such that the resulting graphs remain planar. We show that it is NP-hard to find a minimum-cardinality augmentation that makes a planar graph 2-edge connected. This was known for 2-vertex connectivity. We further show that both problems are hard in a geometric setting, even when restricted to trees. For the special case of convex geometric graphs we give efficient algorithms.
We also study the following related problem. Given a plane geometric graph G, two vertices s and t of G, and an integer k, how many edges have to be added to G such that G contains k edge- (or vertex-) disjoint s-t paths? For k=2 we give optimal worst-case bounds; for k=3 we characterize all cases that have a solution.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings International Conference on Topological and Geometric Graph Theory (TGGT'08, Paris, France, May 19-23, 2008)|
|Editors||P. Ossona de Mendez, M. Pocchiola, D. Poulalhon, J.L. Ramírez Alfonsín, G. Schaeffer|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
|Name||Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics|