Atrial fibrillation detection using a novel cardiac ambulatory monitor based on photo-plethysmography at the wrist

Alberto G. Bonomi, Fons Schipper, Linda M. Eerikäinen, Jenny Margarito, Ralph van Dinther, Guido Muesch, Helma M. de Morree, Ronald M. Aarts, Saeed Babaeizadeh, David D. McManus, Lukas R.C. Dekker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background-Long-term continuous cardiac monitoring would aid in the early diagnosis and management of atrial fibrillation (AF). This study examined the accuracy of a novel approach for AF detection using photo-plethysmography signals measured from a wrist-based wearable device. Methods and Results-ECG and contemporaneous pulse data were collected from 2 cohorts of AF patients: AF patients (n=20) undergoing electrical cardioversion (ECV) and AF patients (n=40) that were prescribed for 24 hours ECG Holter in outpatient settings (HOL). Photo-plethysmography and acceleration data were collected at the wrist and processed to determine the inter-pulse interval and discard inter-pulse intervals in presence of motion artifacts. A Markov model was deployed to assess the probability of AF given irregular pattern in inter-pulse interval sequences. The AF detection algorithm was evaluated against clinical rhythm annotations of AF based on ECG interpretation. Photo-plethysmography recordings from apparently healthy volunteers (n=120) were used to establish the false positive AF detection rate of the algorithm. A total of 42 and 855 hours (AF: 21 and 323 hours) of photo-plethysmography data were recorded in the ECV and HOL cohorts, respectively. AF was detected with >96% accuracy (ECV, sensitivity=97%; HOL, sensitivity=93%; both with specificity=100%). Because of motion artifacts, the algorithm did not provide AF classification for 44±16% of the monitoring period in the HOL group. In healthy controls, the algorithm demonstrated a <0.2% false positive AF detection rate. Conclusions-A novel AF detection algorithm using pulse data from a wrist-wearable device can accurately discriminate rhythm irregularities caused by AF from normal rhythm.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere009351
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume7
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia (heart rhythm disorders)
  • Cardioversion
  • Screening
  • Self-management
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Photoplethysmography/methods
  • Male
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Wrist
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Electrocardiography
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Aged
  • Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory/methods
  • Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
  • screening
  • self-management
  • arrhythmia (heart rhythm disorders)
  • cardioversion

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