Atomic force and shear force based tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy and imaging

S.S. Kharintsev, G.G. Hoffmann, P.S. Dorozhkin, G. With, de, J. Loos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Underlying near-field optibal effects on the nanoscale have stimulated the development of apertureless vibrational spectroscopy and imaging with ultrahigh spatial resolution. We demonstrate tip-enhanced Raman spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), recorded with a scanning near-field optical spectrometer using both atomic force (AF) and shear force (SF) feedback lock-in regulation, and critically discuss the advantages and drawbacks of both operation modes. For accurate calculation of the enhancement factor obtained, we have analysed the tip shape and diameter by means of scanning electron and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). In our experiments we reproducibly attain diameter-corrected and area-corrected enhancement factors of up to ~10 4 and 10 5, respectively, estimated as the linear ratio of near- and far-field intensities, and we are able to demonstrate near-field Raman imaging if SWCNTs with spatial resolution better than 50 nm.
Original languageEnglish
Article number315502
Pages (from-to)315502-1/9
Number of pages9
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 2007


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