Asphaltenes as novel thermal conductivity enhancers for liquid paraffin: Insight from in silico modeling

Artyom D. Glova, Victor M. Nazarychev, Sergey V. Larin, Alexey V. Lyulin, Sergey V. Lyulin, Andrey A. Gurtovenko (Corresponding author)

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Abstract

The practical use of paraffin and other organic phase-change materials for heat storage is largely limited by their low thermal conductivity. In this paper we employed 60 microsecond-long atomic-scale computer simulations to explore for the first time whether the asphaltenes, natural polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, can be used as thermal conductivity enhancers for paraffin. We focused on a simple model molecule of asphaltene (a polycyclic aromatic core decorated with the peripheral alkane chains) and showed that the asphaltenes of such molecular architecture are not able to improve the thermal conductivity of paraffin. This is most likely due to the steric constraints imposed by the peripheral alkane groups, which prevent formation of the extended ordered asphaltene aggregates. To overcome this, we proposed a possible chemical modification of the asphaltene molecules through removing the peripheral alkane groups from their aromatic cores; this could be achieved e.g. by thermal cracking (dealkylation) of asphaltenes. It turns out that such a chemical modification drastically changes the situation: the modified asphaltenes form extended columnar aggregates which can serve as thermal conduction paths, considerably enhancing the thermal conductivity of a liquid composite sample. This effect, however, vanishes upon cooling because the columnar extended stacks of chemically modified asphaltenes transform into the helical twisted structures, which reduces the overlap of adjacent asphaltenes in aggregates. Importantly, all the simulations have been carried out with two different all-atom force fields. We have demonstrated that both computational models give qualitatively similar results. Overall, our findings clearly show that chemically modified asphaltene molecules can be considered as promising carbon-based thermal conductivity enhancers for liquid paraffin; this result can be used for optimizing the paraffin-based thermal energy storage systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117112
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Volume346
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Drs. M. R. Yakubov, S. V. Antonov, and I. V. Volgin for fruitful discussions. This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (State Agreement No. 19-13-00178). The simulations were performed using the computational resources of the Institute of Macromolecular Compounds RAS, the equipment of the shared research facilities of HPC computing resources at Lomonosov Moscow State University, the resources of the Federal collective usage center ?Complex for Simulation and Data Processing for Mega-science Facilities? at NRC ?Kurchatov Institute? (http://ckp.nrcki.ru/), and the supercomputers at Joint Supercomputer Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (JSCC RAS).

Funding Information:
The authors thank Drs. M. R. Yakubov, S. V. Antonov, and I. V. Volgin for fruitful discussions. This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (State Agreement No. 19-13-00178). The simulations were performed using the computational resources of the Institute of Macromolecular Compounds RAS, the equipment of the shared research facilities of HPC computing resources at Lomonosov Moscow State University, the resources of the Federal collective usage center “Complex for Simulation and Data Processing for Mega-science Facilities” at NRC “Kurchatov Institute” (http://ckp.nrcki.ru/), and the supercomputers at Joint Supercomputer Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (JSCC RAS).

Funding

The authors thank Drs. M. R. Yakubov, S. V. Antonov, and I. V. Volgin for fruitful discussions. This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (State Agreement No. 19-13-00178). The simulations were performed using the computational resources of the Institute of Macromolecular Compounds RAS, the equipment of the shared research facilities of HPC computing resources at Lomonosov Moscow State University, the resources of the Federal collective usage center ?Complex for Simulation and Data Processing for Mega-science Facilities? at NRC ?Kurchatov Institute? (http://ckp.nrcki.ru/), and the supercomputers at Joint Supercomputer Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (JSCC RAS). The authors thank Drs. M. R. Yakubov, S. V. Antonov, and I. V. Volgin for fruitful discussions. This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (State Agreement No. 19-13-00178). The simulations were performed using the computational resources of the Institute of Macromolecular Compounds RAS, the equipment of the shared research facilities of HPC computing resources at Lomonosov Moscow State University, the resources of the Federal collective usage center “Complex for Simulation and Data Processing for Mega-science Facilities” at NRC “Kurchatov Institute” (http://ckp.nrcki.ru/), and the supercomputers at Joint Supercomputer Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (JSCC RAS).

FundersFunder number
Institute of Macromolecular Compounds RAS
JSCC RAS
National Research Council of Canada
Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Science Foundation19-13-00178
Moscow State University

    Keywords

    • Asphaltenes
    • Computer modeling
    • Molecular dynamics
    • Organic phase-change materials
    • Paraffins
    • Thermal conductivity enhancement

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