Anisotropic drop morphologies on corrugated surfaces

H. Kusumaatmaja (Corresponding author), R. J. Vrancken, C. W.M. Bastiaansen, J. M. Yeomans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

141 Citations (Scopus)


The spreading of liquid drops on surfaces corrugated with micrometer-scale parallel grooves is studied both experimentally and numerically. Because of the surface patterning, the typical final drop shape is no longer spherical. The elongation direction can be either parallel or perpendicular to the direction of the grooves, depending on the initial drop conditions. We interpret this result as a consequence of both the anisotropy of the contact line movement over the surface and the difference in the motion of the advancing and receding contact lines. Parallel to the grooves, we find little hysteresis due to the surface patterning and that the average contact angle approximately conforms to Wenzel's law as long as the drop radius is much larger than the typical length scale of the grooves. Perpendicular to the grooves, the contact line can be pinned at the edges of the ridges, leading to large contact angle hysteresis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7299-7308
Number of pages10
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2008


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