Analyzing the relationships between citizens' emotions and their momentary satisfaction in urban public spaces

Minou Weijs-Perrée (Corresponding author), Gamze Z. Dane, Pauline E.W. van den Berg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


It is recognized that the urban environment, and specifically better-experienced urban public space, contribute to people's subjective well-being. However, research on people's momentary subjective well-being (i.e., emotional state) in relation to the multiple aspects of urban public spaces is still limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze people's emotional state and how this is influenced by the momentary satisfaction with urban public spaces, and also controlling for personal and experience characteristics. Data of 1056 momentary experiences of 161 citizens regarding the urban public space in Eindhoven, The Netherlands, were collected by means of an experience sampling method (ESM). These data were analyzed using a mixed multinomial logit (MMNL) model for each dimension of people's momentary subjective well-being (i.e., sense of security, comfort, happiness, and annoyance). Results of this study showed that people were happier when they were satisfied with the atmosphere of the public space and felt more secure, comfortable, and less annoyed when they were more satisfied with traffic safety. Results could be used by policymakers and urban planners to create inclusive urban public spaces where people have more positive experiences, which eventually could lead to happier, comfortable, more secure and less annoyed citizens.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7921
Number of pages20
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Emotions
  • Geotagging
  • Momentary subjective well-being (SWB)
  • Urban experience
  • Urban public space


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