Analysis of the impact of street-scale built environment design near metro stations on pedestrian and cyclist road segment choice: a stated choice experiment

Yanan Liu (Corresponding author), Dujuan Yang, Harry J.P. Timmermans, Bauke de Vries

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Abstract

The mismatch between the design of the micro-scale built environment around metro stations and pedestrian/cyclist preferences causes inconvenience and dissatisfaction. How to design streets near metro stations to provide a walking/biking friendly built environment is still a key question in promoting the use of metro systems. To identify which general attributes of the street-scale built environment are relevant for pedestrians/cyclists and increase walkability/cycle-ability, this paper reports the results of a stated choice experiment in which eight built environment attributes were systematically varied: street segment length, average number of building floors on both sides of the street, retail shops in frontage of streets, street crossing facilities for pedestrians/cyclists, width of sidewalks/bicycle paths, greenery, density of street lamps and crowdedness of pedestrian/cyclists to understand their influence on a road segment choice and preferences. A total of 803 respondents were recruited from Tianjin, China to complete the stated choice experiment through on-street face-to-face interviews. A multinomial logit model was estimated to unravel pedestrian/cyclist preferences using the stated choice data. The results indicate that pedestrians and cyclists have similar preferences for road segments with building lower than 6 floors, 50% retail shops in frontage, more greenery, lamps between 15 m and 30 m, more crossing facilities, wider sidewalk/bike lane and not crowded. These significant built environment attributes can be used in urban design projects with a walking/biking friendly built environment around a metro station.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102570
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Transport Geography
Volume82
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Funding

We thank Dr. Jie He, Tianjin University for the financial and manpower support; data collection effort of Yu Wang (the student group leader), Hao Xu, Jilai Song, Xiaoxuan Feng, Xinyu Wang, Yang Yang, and the student members in the Spatial Humanities and Place Computation Laboratory (SHAPC Lab) and School of Architecture in Tianjin University. Yanan Liu holds a scholarship from the China Scholarship Council. We thank Dr. Jie He, Tianjin University for the financial and manpower support; data collection effort of Yu Wang (the student group leader), Hao Xu, Jilai Song, Xiaoxuan Feng, Xinyu Wang, Yang Yang, and the student members in the Spatial Humanities and Place Computation Laboratory (SHAPC Lab) and School of Architecture in Tianjin University. Yanan Liu holds a scholarship from the China Scholarship Council.

FundersFunder number
School of Architecture in Tianjin University
Spatial Humanities
Tianjin University
China Scholarship Council

    Keywords

    • Cyclists
    • Metro station
    • Micro-scale built environment
    • Multinomial logit model
    • Pedestrians
    • Stated choice experiment

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