Analysis of motional eddy currents in the slitted stator core of an axial-flux permanent magnet machine

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Abstract

This article concerns the modeling and design of a slitted stator core for single-sided axial-flux permanent-magnet machine application. The stator core is specially designed to maximize the magnetic-flux density in the air gap and to minimize the eddy-current losses occurring at high rotational speeds. To reduce the effort needed for computing the motional eddy-current distribution in the presence of nonlinear material characteristics, a novel method is proposed. It combines the harmonic balance method, which is advantageous for simulating in the frequency domain the steady-state periodic response of a nonlinear system under harmonic excitation, together with a source description that introduces a complex magnetization that mimics the displacement of the permanent-magnet array. Following this method, time-domain distributions and losses can be reconstructed accurately with a low number of harmonics. A 3-D periodic model of the slotless axial-flux machine is built in the framework of isogeometric analysis (IGA) and a mixed formulation is employed, which relies on high-order Nédélec edge elements. The proposed model is embedded into a gradient-based optimization problem to determine the optimal shape of the slits in the stator core of the motor. This results in a novel cost-effective solution for improving the efficiency of axial-flux permanent-magnet machines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8959164
Pages (from-to)1-4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

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Eddy currents
Stators
Permanent magnets
Fluxes
Magnetic flux
Nonlinear systems
Magnetization
Air
Costs

Keywords

  • Eddy currents
  • harmonic analysis
  • magnetic core
  • permanent-magnet machines
  • stators

Cite this

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title = "Analysis of motional eddy currents in the slitted stator core of an axial-flux permanent magnet machine",
abstract = "This article concerns the modeling and design of a slitted stator core for single-sided axial-flux permanent-magnet machine application. The stator core is specially designed to maximize the magnetic-flux density in the air gap and to minimize the eddy-current losses occurring at high rotational speeds. To reduce the effort needed for computing the motional eddy-current distribution in the presence of nonlinear material characteristics, a novel method is proposed. It combines the harmonic balance method, which is advantageous for simulating in the frequency domain the steady-state periodic response of a nonlinear system under harmonic excitation, together with a source description that introduces a complex magnetization that mimics the displacement of the permanent-magnet array. Following this method, time-domain distributions and losses can be reconstructed accurately with a low number of harmonics. A 3-D periodic model of the slotless axial-flux machine is built in the framework of isogeometric analysis (IGA) and a mixed formulation is employed, which relies on high-order N{\'e}d{\'e}lec edge elements. The proposed model is embedded into a gradient-based optimization problem to determine the optimal shape of the slits in the stator core of the motor. This results in a novel cost-effective solution for improving the efficiency of axial-flux permanent-magnet machines.",
keywords = "Eddy currents, harmonic analysis, magnetic core, permanent-magnet machines, stators",
author = "Friedrich, {L{\'e}o A.J.} and Gysen, {Bart L.J.} and Jansen, {J.W. (Helm)} and Lomonova, {Elena A.}",
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AU - Friedrich, Léo A.J.

AU - Gysen, Bart L.J.

AU - Jansen, J.W. (Helm)

AU - Lomonova, Elena A.

PY - 2020/2

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N2 - This article concerns the modeling and design of a slitted stator core for single-sided axial-flux permanent-magnet machine application. The stator core is specially designed to maximize the magnetic-flux density in the air gap and to minimize the eddy-current losses occurring at high rotational speeds. To reduce the effort needed for computing the motional eddy-current distribution in the presence of nonlinear material characteristics, a novel method is proposed. It combines the harmonic balance method, which is advantageous for simulating in the frequency domain the steady-state periodic response of a nonlinear system under harmonic excitation, together with a source description that introduces a complex magnetization that mimics the displacement of the permanent-magnet array. Following this method, time-domain distributions and losses can be reconstructed accurately with a low number of harmonics. A 3-D periodic model of the slotless axial-flux machine is built in the framework of isogeometric analysis (IGA) and a mixed formulation is employed, which relies on high-order Nédélec edge elements. The proposed model is embedded into a gradient-based optimization problem to determine the optimal shape of the slits in the stator core of the motor. This results in a novel cost-effective solution for improving the efficiency of axial-flux permanent-magnet machines.

AB - This article concerns the modeling and design of a slitted stator core for single-sided axial-flux permanent-magnet machine application. The stator core is specially designed to maximize the magnetic-flux density in the air gap and to minimize the eddy-current losses occurring at high rotational speeds. To reduce the effort needed for computing the motional eddy-current distribution in the presence of nonlinear material characteristics, a novel method is proposed. It combines the harmonic balance method, which is advantageous for simulating in the frequency domain the steady-state periodic response of a nonlinear system under harmonic excitation, together with a source description that introduces a complex magnetization that mimics the displacement of the permanent-magnet array. Following this method, time-domain distributions and losses can be reconstructed accurately with a low number of harmonics. A 3-D periodic model of the slotless axial-flux machine is built in the framework of isogeometric analysis (IGA) and a mixed formulation is employed, which relies on high-order Nédélec edge elements. The proposed model is embedded into a gradient-based optimization problem to determine the optimal shape of the slits in the stator core of the motor. This results in a novel cost-effective solution for improving the efficiency of axial-flux permanent-magnet machines.

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