We describe an analysis of the dynamics of individual superparamagnetic micro- and nanoparticles in order to quantify their magnetic properties and mobility near a chip surface. The particles are attracted to the chip surface by integrated microscopic current wires. We show that it is possible to accurately analyze particles with a diameter of about 1 µm by the magnetophoretic movement between current wires because of the very high field gradients. This reveals distinct differences in volume susceptibilities of particles with the same outer diameter. Smaller particles are characterized using the technique of confined Brownian motion analysis. By capturing 300 nm particles on a current wire with surface barriers or a focused shape, the magnetization of the particles can be measured with an accuracy better than 10%.