Analysis and Experimental Demonstration of Orthant-Symmetric Four-dimensional 7 bit/4D-sym Modulation for Optical Fiber Communication

Bin Chen (Corresponding author), Alex Alvarado, Sjoerd van der Heide, Menno van den Hout, Hartmut Hafermann, Chigo M. Okonkwo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a new four-dimensional orthant-symmetric 128-Ary modulation format (4D-OS128) with a spectral efficiency of 7 bit/4D-sym. The proposed format fills the gap between polarization-multiplexed 8-and 16-Ary quadrature-Amplitude modulation (PM-8QAM and PM-16QAM). Numerical simulations show that 4D-OS128 outperforms two well-studied 4D geometrically-shaped modulation formats: 128SP-16QAM and 7b4D-2A8PSK by up to 0.65 dB for bit-interleaved coded modulation at the same spectral efficiency. These gains are experimentally demonstrated in a 11×233 Gbit/s wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) transmission system operating at 5.95 bit/4D-sym over 6000 and 9000 km for both EDFA-only and hybrid amplification scenarios, respectively. A reach increase of 15% is achieved with respect to 128-Ary set-partitioning 16QAM. Furthermore, the proposed 4D-OS128 is also compared to $\boldsymbol{D}_4$ lattice-based constellation, 16QAM and probabilistically-shaped 16QAM with finite blocklength via simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9345386
Pages (from-to)2737-2753
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Keywords

  • Labeling
  • Modulation
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Optical modulation
  • Optical polarization
  • Optimization
  • Quadrature amplitude modulation

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