Analysing emerging innovation systems: A functions approach to foresight

Floortje Alkemade, Chris Kleinschmidt, Marko Hekkert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


The success of sustainable innovations depends in a large part on their environment, the Innovation System (IS). Insight into the structure and dynamics of the IS is thus of crucial importance in foresight studies and policy analysis. The analytical framework outlined in this paper allows us to study relations between the components, the structure and the functionality of the IS resulting in increased insight in (future) system behaviour and performance. Furthermore, mapping the (actor-independent) functions of the IS allows us to compare different cases, enabling timely and adequate policy measures through improved foresight. The application of our framework to the California Wind Energy Innovation System (CAWEIS) shows a relation between system structure and performance and gives us insight in system dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-168
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Foresight
  • Functions of innovation systems
  • Innovation policy
  • Innovation systems
  • Wind energy


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