An integrated photonic device for on-chip magneto-optical memory reading

Figen Ece Demirer (Corresponding author), Yngwie Baron, Sander Reniers, Dzmitry Pustakhod, Reinoud Lavrijsen, Jos van der Tol, Bert Koopmans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
53 Downloads (Pure)


This study presents the design, fabrication and experimental demonstration of a magneto-photonic device that delivers non-volatile photonic memory functionality. The aim is to overcome the energy and speed bottleneck of back-and-forth signal conversion between the electronic and optical domains when retrieving information from non-volatile memory. The device combines integrated photonic components based on the InP membrane on silicon (IMOS) platform and a non-volatile, built-in memory element (ferromagnetic thin-film multilayers) realized as a top-cladding on the photonic waveguides (a post-processing step). We present a design where the phase of the guided light is engineered via two mechanisms: the polar magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) and the propagation in an asymmetrical cross-section (triangular) waveguide. Thanks to its design, the device yields different mode-specific transmissions depending on the memory state it encodes. We demonstrate the recording of the magnetic hysteresis using the transmitted optical signal, providing direct proof for all optical magnetic memory reading using an integrated photonic chip. Using mathematical model and optical simulations, we support the experimental observations and quantitatively reproduce the Kerr signal amplitudes on-chip. A 1% transmitted power contrast from devices is promising indicating that in a shot noise limited scenario the theoretical bandwidth of memory read-out exceeds 50 Gbits/s.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3319-3329
Number of pages11
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022


  • ferromagnetic thin-films
  • integrated photonics
  • MOKE
  • non-volatile memory
  • photonic memory
  • polarization conversion


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