An improved neutral landscape model for recreating real landscapes and generating landscape series for spatial ecological simulations

M.J. van Strien, C.T.J. Slager, B. de Vries, A. Gret-Regamey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
90 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Many studies have assessed the effect of landscape patterns on spatial ecological processes by simulating these processes in computer-generated landscapes with varying composition and configuration. To generate such landscapes, various neutral landscape models have been developed. However, the limited set of landscape-level pattern variables included in these models is often inadequate to generate landscapes that reflect real landscapes. In order to achieve more flexibility and variability in the generated landscapes patterns, a more complete set of class- and patch-level pattern variables should be implemented in these models. These enhancements have been implemented in Landscape Generator (LG), which is a software that uses optimization algorithms to generate landscapes that match user-defined target values. Developed for participatory spatial planning at small scale, we enhanced the usability of LG and demonstrated how it can be used for larger scale ecological studies. First, we used LG to recreate landscape patterns from a real landscape (i.e., a mountainous region in Switzerland). Second, we generated landscape series with incrementally changing pattern variables, which could be used in ecological simulation studies. We found that LG was able to recreate landscape patterns that approximate those of real landscapes. Furthermore, we successfully generated landscape series that would not have been possible with traditional neutral landscape models. LG is a promising novel approach for generating neutral landscapes and enables testing of new hypotheses regarding the influence of landscape patterns on ecological processes. LG is freely available online.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3808-3821
Number of pages14
JournalEcology and Evolution
Volume6
Issue number11
Early online date9 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Fingerprint

simulation
spatial planning
Switzerland
planning
software

Keywords

  • Landscape metrics, landscape visualizations, spatial optimization algorithms, spatial or time series.

Cite this

@article{667ed48895c24ca988bc7b419f2f6f35,
title = "An improved neutral landscape model for recreating real landscapes and generating landscape series for spatial ecological simulations",
abstract = "Many studies have assessed the effect of landscape patterns on spatial ecological processes by simulating these processes in computer-generated landscapes with varying composition and configuration. To generate such landscapes, various neutral landscape models have been developed. However, the limited set of landscape-level pattern variables included in these models is often inadequate to generate landscapes that reflect real landscapes. In order to achieve more flexibility and variability in the generated landscapes patterns, a more complete set of class- and patch-level pattern variables should be implemented in these models. These enhancements have been implemented in Landscape Generator (LG), which is a software that uses optimization algorithms to generate landscapes that match user-defined target values. Developed for participatory spatial planning at small scale, we enhanced the usability of LG and demonstrated how it can be used for larger scale ecological studies. First, we used LG to recreate landscape patterns from a real landscape (i.e., a mountainous region in Switzerland). Second, we generated landscape series with incrementally changing pattern variables, which could be used in ecological simulation studies. We found that LG was able to recreate landscape patterns that approximate those of real landscapes. Furthermore, we successfully generated landscape series that would not have been possible with traditional neutral landscape models. LG is a promising novel approach for generating neutral landscapes and enables testing of new hypotheses regarding the influence of landscape patterns on ecological processes. LG is freely available online.",
keywords = "Landscape metrics, landscape visualizations, spatial optimization algorithms, spatial or time series.",
author = "{van Strien}, M.J. and C.T.J. Slager and {de Vries}, B. and A. Gret-Regamey",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1002/ece3.2145",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "3808--3821",
journal = "Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "2045-7758",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "11",

}

An improved neutral landscape model for recreating real landscapes and generating landscape series for spatial ecological simulations. / van Strien, M.J.; Slager, C.T.J.; de Vries, B.; Gret-Regamey, A.

In: Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 6, No. 11, 06.2016, p. 3808-3821.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - An improved neutral landscape model for recreating real landscapes and generating landscape series for spatial ecological simulations

AU - van Strien, M.J.

AU - Slager, C.T.J.

AU - de Vries, B.

AU - Gret-Regamey, A.

PY - 2016/6

Y1 - 2016/6

N2 - Many studies have assessed the effect of landscape patterns on spatial ecological processes by simulating these processes in computer-generated landscapes with varying composition and configuration. To generate such landscapes, various neutral landscape models have been developed. However, the limited set of landscape-level pattern variables included in these models is often inadequate to generate landscapes that reflect real landscapes. In order to achieve more flexibility and variability in the generated landscapes patterns, a more complete set of class- and patch-level pattern variables should be implemented in these models. These enhancements have been implemented in Landscape Generator (LG), which is a software that uses optimization algorithms to generate landscapes that match user-defined target values. Developed for participatory spatial planning at small scale, we enhanced the usability of LG and demonstrated how it can be used for larger scale ecological studies. First, we used LG to recreate landscape patterns from a real landscape (i.e., a mountainous region in Switzerland). Second, we generated landscape series with incrementally changing pattern variables, which could be used in ecological simulation studies. We found that LG was able to recreate landscape patterns that approximate those of real landscapes. Furthermore, we successfully generated landscape series that would not have been possible with traditional neutral landscape models. LG is a promising novel approach for generating neutral landscapes and enables testing of new hypotheses regarding the influence of landscape patterns on ecological processes. LG is freely available online.

AB - Many studies have assessed the effect of landscape patterns on spatial ecological processes by simulating these processes in computer-generated landscapes with varying composition and configuration. To generate such landscapes, various neutral landscape models have been developed. However, the limited set of landscape-level pattern variables included in these models is often inadequate to generate landscapes that reflect real landscapes. In order to achieve more flexibility and variability in the generated landscapes patterns, a more complete set of class- and patch-level pattern variables should be implemented in these models. These enhancements have been implemented in Landscape Generator (LG), which is a software that uses optimization algorithms to generate landscapes that match user-defined target values. Developed for participatory spatial planning at small scale, we enhanced the usability of LG and demonstrated how it can be used for larger scale ecological studies. First, we used LG to recreate landscape patterns from a real landscape (i.e., a mountainous region in Switzerland). Second, we generated landscape series with incrementally changing pattern variables, which could be used in ecological simulation studies. We found that LG was able to recreate landscape patterns that approximate those of real landscapes. Furthermore, we successfully generated landscape series that would not have been possible with traditional neutral landscape models. LG is a promising novel approach for generating neutral landscapes and enables testing of new hypotheses regarding the influence of landscape patterns on ecological processes. LG is freely available online.

KW - Landscape metrics, landscape visualizations, spatial optimization algorithms, spatial or time series.

U2 - 10.1002/ece3.2145

DO - 10.1002/ece3.2145

M3 - Article

C2 - 27239265

VL - 6

SP - 3808

EP - 3821

JO - Ecology and Evolution

JF - Ecology and Evolution

SN - 2045-7758

IS - 11

ER -