A new high precision optical diamond turning machine was designed and developed with all ceramic slides, having submicrometer accuracy and mirror surface quality. In view of improving repeatability, basic fundamentals like kinematic design, the Rule of Abbe, high stiffness structural loop design, hardware compensation of thermal expansion, force compensation and (thermal) symmetry were built in throughout the machine. The vertical axis machine tool with aerostatic slides and linear direct drives differs significantly from conventional lathes in design at the component level as well as in material utilisation. This paper focuses on machine design aspects showing analytical and experimental results and design synthesis.
Vermeulen, J. P. M. B., Rosielle, P. C. J. N., & Schellekens, P. H. J. (2000). An advanced ceramic optical diamond turning machine : design and prototype development, CIRP Annals : Manufacturing Technology, 49(1), 407-410. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)62976-X