Ammonia sensor for closed-loop SCR control

D.Y. Wang, S. Yao, M. Shost, J.H. Yoo, D. Cabush, D. Racine, R.P.M. Cloudt, F.P.T. Willems

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is the dominant solution for meeting future NOx reduction regulations for heavy-duty diesel powertrains. SCR systems benefit from closed-loop control if an appropriate exhaust gas sensor were available. An ammonia sensor has recently been developed for use as a feedback element in closed-loop control of urea dosing in a diesel SCR aftertreatment system. Closed-loop control of SCR dosing enables the SCR system to be robust against disturbances and to meet conformity of production (COP) and in-use compliance norms. The ammonia sensor is based on a non-equilibrium electrochemical principle and outputs emf signals. The sensor performs well when tested in a diesel engine exhaust environment and has minimum cross interference with CO, HC, NO, NO2, SO2, H2O and O2. Previous work, done in a simulation environment, demonstrated that an ammonia sensor provides the optimal feedback for urea dosing control algorithms in closed-loop SCR systems. A model-based SCR control strategy deploying an ammonia feedback sensor demonstrated high NOx conversion, low NH3 slip and good robustness against disturbances. In this paper, FTP, ETC and ESC test data will be presented confirming these results. NOx conversions as high as 91% are measured in combination with 30% urea injection error and a 25 ppm NH3 slip constraint. Test results using the Delphi ammonia sensor for control are compared with test results utilizing a commercially available NOx sensor for control.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSAE World Congres, April 14-17 Detroit, Michigan, USA
PublisherSociety of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventSAE 2008 World Congress and Exhibition - Cobo Center , Detroit, United States
Duration: 14 Apr 200817 Apr 2008

Publication series

NameSAE Technical Papers
Number2008-01-0919

Conference

ConferenceSAE 2008 World Congress and Exhibition
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit
Period14/04/0817/04/08
Other“A Climate for Change”

Fingerprint

Selective catalytic reduction
Ammonia
Sensors
Urea
Feedback
Exhaust systems (engine)
Powertrains
Exhaust gases
Chemical sensors
Diesel engines
Electric potential

Cite this

Wang, D. Y., Yao, S., Shost, M., Yoo, J. H., Cabush, D., Racine, D., ... Willems, F. P. T. (2008). Ammonia sensor for closed-loop SCR control. In SAE World Congres, April 14-17 Detroit, Michigan, USA [2008-01-0919] (SAE Technical Papers; No. 2008-01-0919). Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).
Wang, D.Y. ; Yao, S. ; Shost, M. ; Yoo, J.H. ; Cabush, D. ; Racine, D. ; Cloudt, R.P.M. ; Willems, F.P.T. / Ammonia sensor for closed-loop SCR control. SAE World Congres, April 14-17 Detroit, Michigan, USA. Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 2008. (SAE Technical Papers; 2008-01-0919).
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abstract = "Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is the dominant solution for meeting future NOx reduction regulations for heavy-duty diesel powertrains. SCR systems benefit from closed-loop control if an appropriate exhaust gas sensor were available. An ammonia sensor has recently been developed for use as a feedback element in closed-loop control of urea dosing in a diesel SCR aftertreatment system. Closed-loop control of SCR dosing enables the SCR system to be robust against disturbances and to meet conformity of production (COP) and in-use compliance norms. The ammonia sensor is based on a non-equilibrium electrochemical principle and outputs emf signals. The sensor performs well when tested in a diesel engine exhaust environment and has minimum cross interference with CO, HC, NO, NO2, SO2, H2O and O2. Previous work, done in a simulation environment, demonstrated that an ammonia sensor provides the optimal feedback for urea dosing control algorithms in closed-loop SCR systems. A model-based SCR control strategy deploying an ammonia feedback sensor demonstrated high NOx conversion, low NH3 slip and good robustness against disturbances. In this paper, FTP, ETC and ESC test data will be presented confirming these results. NOx conversions as high as 91{\%} are measured in combination with 30{\%} urea injection error and a 25 ppm NH3 slip constraint. Test results using the Delphi ammonia sensor for control are compared with test results utilizing a commercially available NOx sensor for control.",
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Wang, DY, Yao, S, Shost, M, Yoo, JH, Cabush, D, Racine, D, Cloudt, RPM & Willems, FPT 2008, Ammonia sensor for closed-loop SCR control. in SAE World Congres, April 14-17 Detroit, Michigan, USA., 2008-01-0919, SAE Technical Papers, no. 2008-01-0919, Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), SAE 2008 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, United States, 14/04/08.

Ammonia sensor for closed-loop SCR control. / Wang, D.Y.; Yao, S.; Shost, M.; Yoo, J.H.; Cabush, D.; Racine, D.; Cloudt, R.P.M.; Willems, F.P.T.

SAE World Congres, April 14-17 Detroit, Michigan, USA. Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 2008. 2008-01-0919 (SAE Technical Papers; No. 2008-01-0919).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Racine, D.

AU - Cloudt, R.P.M.

AU - Willems, F.P.T.

PY - 2008

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N2 - Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is the dominant solution for meeting future NOx reduction regulations for heavy-duty diesel powertrains. SCR systems benefit from closed-loop control if an appropriate exhaust gas sensor were available. An ammonia sensor has recently been developed for use as a feedback element in closed-loop control of urea dosing in a diesel SCR aftertreatment system. Closed-loop control of SCR dosing enables the SCR system to be robust against disturbances and to meet conformity of production (COP) and in-use compliance norms. The ammonia sensor is based on a non-equilibrium electrochemical principle and outputs emf signals. The sensor performs well when tested in a diesel engine exhaust environment and has minimum cross interference with CO, HC, NO, NO2, SO2, H2O and O2. Previous work, done in a simulation environment, demonstrated that an ammonia sensor provides the optimal feedback for urea dosing control algorithms in closed-loop SCR systems. A model-based SCR control strategy deploying an ammonia feedback sensor demonstrated high NOx conversion, low NH3 slip and good robustness against disturbances. In this paper, FTP, ETC and ESC test data will be presented confirming these results. NOx conversions as high as 91% are measured in combination with 30% urea injection error and a 25 ppm NH3 slip constraint. Test results using the Delphi ammonia sensor for control are compared with test results utilizing a commercially available NOx sensor for control.

AB - Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is the dominant solution for meeting future NOx reduction regulations for heavy-duty diesel powertrains. SCR systems benefit from closed-loop control if an appropriate exhaust gas sensor were available. An ammonia sensor has recently been developed for use as a feedback element in closed-loop control of urea dosing in a diesel SCR aftertreatment system. Closed-loop control of SCR dosing enables the SCR system to be robust against disturbances and to meet conformity of production (COP) and in-use compliance norms. The ammonia sensor is based on a non-equilibrium electrochemical principle and outputs emf signals. The sensor performs well when tested in a diesel engine exhaust environment and has minimum cross interference with CO, HC, NO, NO2, SO2, H2O and O2. Previous work, done in a simulation environment, demonstrated that an ammonia sensor provides the optimal feedback for urea dosing control algorithms in closed-loop SCR systems. A model-based SCR control strategy deploying an ammonia feedback sensor demonstrated high NOx conversion, low NH3 slip and good robustness against disturbances. In this paper, FTP, ETC and ESC test data will be presented confirming these results. NOx conversions as high as 91% are measured in combination with 30% urea injection error and a 25 ppm NH3 slip constraint. Test results using the Delphi ammonia sensor for control are compared with test results utilizing a commercially available NOx sensor for control.

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - SAE Technical Papers

BT - SAE World Congres, April 14-17 Detroit, Michigan, USA

PB - Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)

ER -

Wang DY, Yao S, Shost M, Yoo JH, Cabush D, Racine D et al. Ammonia sensor for closed-loop SCR control. In SAE World Congres, April 14-17 Detroit, Michigan, USA. Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). 2008. 2008-01-0919. (SAE Technical Papers; 2008-01-0919).