Ambient RF energy scavenging: GSM and WLAN power density measurements

H.J. Visser, A.C.F. Reniers, J.A.C. Theeuwes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

144 Citations (Scopus)
407 Downloads (Pure)


To assess the feasibility of ambient RF energy scavenging, a survey of expected power density levels distant from GSM-900 and GSM-1800 base stations has been conducted and power density measurements have been performed in a WLAN environment. It appears that for distances ranging from 25 m to 100 m from a GSM base station, power density levels ranging from 0.1 mW/m2 to 3.0 mW/m2 may be expected. First measurements in a WLAN environment indicate even lower power density values, making GSM and WLAN unlikely to produce enough ambient RF energy for wirelessly powering miniature sensors. A single GSM telephone however has proven to deliver enough energy for wirelessly powering small applications on moderate distances.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication38th European Microwave Conference, 2008 : EuMC 2008 ; 27 - 31 October 2008, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISBN (Print)978-2-87487-006-4
Publication statusPublished - 2009


Dive into the research topics of 'Ambient RF energy scavenging: GSM and WLAN power density measurements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this