Algorithmic fashion aesthetics: Mandelbrot

Marina Toeters, Loe Feijs, Daisy van Loenhout, Cindy Tieleman, Nita Virtala, Grete Karmen Jaakson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


The lack of real innovation is one of the problems the fashion system suffers from. But there is so much interesting mathematics available now, with such deep meanings, that it is a shame not to exploit it, or at least seriously try. We are interested in the aesthetic reasons, finding new forms and exploiting new types of algorithmic approaches, mixed with innovative mathematics and digital production tools. In this paper we explain how we modified a mathematical principle so that it can be applied in garments. This principle is the most famous fractal: Mandelbrot. We present 2 garments based on modified Mandelbrot principles. The lemniscates lines are used as the stitching seams to create interesting volumes. The garments are realized via an alternating process between sublimation printing, draping, first-person on-body fitting, pinning, stitching, digital pattern making and hand / laser cutting. Designers of wearables are more open to innovation than the fashion industry. That is why we address this community first. We hope to inspire the wearable community to apply more interesting and innovative methods to develop their garments via this interesting look at how data can be used to develop aesthetics and forms. The connection to wearable technology – as in electronics integrated in garments – is not there, but makes a case for it being an example of wearable algorithms. In future this might enable advanced production processes for wearable technology.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationISWC 2019 - Proceedings of the 2019 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-6870-4
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sep 2019
Event23rd International Symposium on Wearable Computers, ISWC 2019 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Sep 201913 Sep 2019
Conference number: 23


Conference23rd International Symposium on Wearable Computers, ISWC 2019
Abbreviated titleISWC 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Other2019 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing and 2019 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers, UbiComp/ISWC 2019


  • Aesthetics
  • Algorithms for Wearables
  • Fashion
  • Fashion innovation
  • Generative design
  • Mandelbrot


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