Aging and pore formation in silica gels

W.H. Dokter, T.P.M. Beelen, H.F. Garderen, van, R.A. Santen, van

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and physisorption (N2) experiments have been used to study the influence of aging on the structure of dried gels. These gels were aged for various times at elevated temperature (80°C) or under the addition of catalytic quantities of fluorine. Both the porous kernel and the pores within the kernel grow during aging. However, addition of fluorine or aging at 80°C results in different pore structures, although the same ultimate particles size is reached in both cases. Owing to slit-like or isolated pores obtained in the fluorine aged sample, the physisorption and SANS results did not coincide while the 80°C aged gels showed reasonable agreement between both techniques. Although the structure of the porous silica was distorted by wetting, contrast variation experiments with a H2O/D2O mixture confirmed the scattering by pores. This scattering is replaced by scattering from the surface of the particles.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCharacterization of porous solids III : proceedings of the IUPAC Symposium (COPS III), Marseille, France, May 9 - 12, 1993
EditorsJ. Rouquerol, F. Rodr
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherElsevier
Pages725-734
ISBN (Print)0-444-81491-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Eventconference; IUPAC Symposium on the Characterisation of Porous Solids ; 3 (Marseille) : 1993.05.09-12; 1993-05-09; 1993-05-12 -
Duration: 9 May 199312 May 1993

Publication series

NameStudies in Surface Science and Catalysis
Volume87
ISSN (Print)0167-2991

Conference

Conferenceconference; IUPAC Symposium on the Characterisation of Porous Solids ; 3 (Marseille) : 1993.05.09-12; 1993-05-09; 1993-05-12
Period9/05/9312/05/93
OtherIUPAC Symposium on the Characterisation of Porous Solids ; 3 (Marseille) : 1993.05.09-12

Fingerprint

Fluorine
Silica Gel
Physisorption
Aging of materials
Gels
Scattering
Neutron scattering
Pore structure
Silicon Dioxide
Wetting
Experiments
Particle size
Temperature

Cite this

Dokter, W. H., Beelen, T. P. M., Garderen, van, H. F., & Santen, van, R. A. (1994). Aging and pore formation in silica gels. In J. Rouquerol, & F. Rodr (Eds.), Characterization of porous solids III : proceedings of the IUPAC Symposium (COPS III), Marseille, France, May 9 - 12, 1993 (pp. 725-734). (Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis; Vol. 87). Amsterdam: Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-2991(08)63135-3
Dokter, W.H. ; Beelen, T.P.M. ; Garderen, van, H.F. ; Santen, van, R.A. / Aging and pore formation in silica gels. Characterization of porous solids III : proceedings of the IUPAC Symposium (COPS III), Marseille, France, May 9 - 12, 1993. editor / J. Rouquerol ; F. Rodr. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 1994. pp. 725-734 (Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis).
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abstract = "Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and physisorption (N2) experiments have been used to study the influence of aging on the structure of dried gels. These gels were aged for various times at elevated temperature (80°C) or under the addition of catalytic quantities of fluorine. Both the porous kernel and the pores within the kernel grow during aging. However, addition of fluorine or aging at 80°C results in different pore structures, although the same ultimate particles size is reached in both cases. Owing to slit-like or isolated pores obtained in the fluorine aged sample, the physisorption and SANS results did not coincide while the 80°C aged gels showed reasonable agreement between both techniques. Although the structure of the porous silica was distorted by wetting, contrast variation experiments with a H2O/D2O mixture confirmed the scattering by pores. This scattering is replaced by scattering from the surface of the particles.",
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Dokter, WH, Beelen, TPM, Garderen, van, HF & Santen, van, RA 1994, Aging and pore formation in silica gels. in J Rouquerol & F Rodr (eds), Characterization of porous solids III : proceedings of the IUPAC Symposium (COPS III), Marseille, France, May 9 - 12, 1993. Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, vol. 87, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 725-734, conference; IUPAC Symposium on the Characterisation of Porous Solids ; 3 (Marseille) : 1993.05.09-12; 1993-05-09; 1993-05-12, 9/05/93. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-2991(08)63135-3

Aging and pore formation in silica gels. / Dokter, W.H.; Beelen, T.P.M.; Garderen, van, H.F.; Santen, van, R.A.

Characterization of porous solids III : proceedings of the IUPAC Symposium (COPS III), Marseille, France, May 9 - 12, 1993. ed. / J. Rouquerol; F. Rodr. Amsterdam : Elsevier, 1994. p. 725-734 (Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis; Vol. 87).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and physisorption (N2) experiments have been used to study the influence of aging on the structure of dried gels. These gels were aged for various times at elevated temperature (80°C) or under the addition of catalytic quantities of fluorine. Both the porous kernel and the pores within the kernel grow during aging. However, addition of fluorine or aging at 80°C results in different pore structures, although the same ultimate particles size is reached in both cases. Owing to slit-like or isolated pores obtained in the fluorine aged sample, the physisorption and SANS results did not coincide while the 80°C aged gels showed reasonable agreement between both techniques. Although the structure of the porous silica was distorted by wetting, contrast variation experiments with a H2O/D2O mixture confirmed the scattering by pores. This scattering is replaced by scattering from the surface of the particles.

AB - Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and physisorption (N2) experiments have been used to study the influence of aging on the structure of dried gels. These gels were aged for various times at elevated temperature (80°C) or under the addition of catalytic quantities of fluorine. Both the porous kernel and the pores within the kernel grow during aging. However, addition of fluorine or aging at 80°C results in different pore structures, although the same ultimate particles size is reached in both cases. Owing to slit-like or isolated pores obtained in the fluorine aged sample, the physisorption and SANS results did not coincide while the 80°C aged gels showed reasonable agreement between both techniques. Although the structure of the porous silica was distorted by wetting, contrast variation experiments with a H2O/D2O mixture confirmed the scattering by pores. This scattering is replaced by scattering from the surface of the particles.

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Dokter WH, Beelen TPM, Garderen, van HF, Santen, van RA. Aging and pore formation in silica gels. In Rouquerol J, Rodr F, editors, Characterization of porous solids III : proceedings of the IUPAC Symposium (COPS III), Marseille, France, May 9 - 12, 1993. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 1994. p. 725-734. (Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-2991(08)63135-3