Aggregation and aging in silica gel

R.A. Santen, van, T.P.M. Beelen, H.F. Garderen, van, W.H. Dokter, E. Pantos

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Aggregation and aging of silica gels, prepared by controlled addition of water glass to hydrochloric acid, and the transformation of an aged gel to a crystalline phase have been studied in-situ using high-brilliance synchrotron radiation. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) has proved to be very informative in readily detecting transformations in the silica gels which can be described using the concepts of mass and surface fractality. The interpretation of SAXS spectra of aged silica gels has been accompanied by computer simulations of aggregation and aging based on a model for the aging mechanism and the calculation of the corresponding structure-factor patterns. Comparison with experimental spectra of aged silica highlights the important role of particle growth on the fractal dimension. Gel transformations during the transition from an amorphous gel to the crystalline phase of silicalite have been successfully monitored, in-situ, both for heterogeneous and for homogeneous preparations, using the combination of small and wide angle X-ray scattering (SAXS-WAXS)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-237
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 1995


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