Agent-based electricity balancing with distributed energy resources, a multiperspective case study

Koen Kok, Zsofia Derzsi, Jaap Gordijn, Maarten Hommelberg, Cor Warmer, Rene Kamphuis, Hans Akkermans

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


Distributed generation (DG) of electricity is providing an increasing part of the worldwide electricity supply. At the same time, there is a big potential of demand response resources. When - in a geographical area or in the contract portfolio of an energy trader - the number of these distributed energy resources (DER) increases, clustered control of DER by common ICT (information and communication technology) systems can add value. Due to the fine-grained and distributed nature of DER, the design of such a system needs to meet heavy requirements, e.g. regarding scalability and openness. Further, these systems need to balance multiple stakes in a multi-actor environment. Multiagent systems, especially those based on electronic markets have been identified as key technologies in this respect. This paper presents a multiperspective case study of the design, implementation and performance of such a system for the business case of imbalance reduction in commercial clusters of DER. The benefits of this approach are shown by field experimental results of a real-life DER cluster with an imbalance characteristic dominated by wind electricity production. The approach resulted in substantial imbalance reductions. Further, a thorough analysis of the networked business constellation is given, together with an indication how business modelling techniques can be used to assess the financial feasibility of the business idea.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHawaii international conference on system sciences, proceedings of the 41st annual
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7695-3075-8
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event41st Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2008) - Waikoloa, United States
Duration: 7 Jan 200810 Jan 2008


Conference41st Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2008)
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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