Affective man-machine interface : unveiling human emotions through biosignals

E.L. Broek, van den, V. Lisý, J.H. Janssen, J.H.D.M. Westerink, M.H. Schut, K. Tuinenbreijer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

47 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

As is known for centuries, humans exhibit an electrical profile. This profile is altered through various psychological and physiological proce-sses, which can be measured through biosignals; e.g., electromyography (EMG) and electrodermal activity (EDA). These biosignals can reveal our emotions and, as such, can serve as an advanced man-machine interface (MMI) for empathic consumer products. However, such a MMI requires the correct classification of biosignals to emotion classes. This chapter starts with an introduction on biosignals for emotion detection. Next, a state-of-the-art review is presented on automatic emotion classification. Moreover, guidelines are presented for affective MMI. Subsequently, a research is presented that explores the use of EDA and three facial EMG signals to determine neutral, positive, negative, and mixed emotions, using recordings of 21 people. A range of techniques is tested, which resulted in a generic framework for automated emotion classification with up to 61.31% correct classification of the four emotion classes, without the need of personal profiles. Among various other directives for future research, the results emphasize the need for parallel processing of multiple biosignals.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies
EditorsA. Fred, J. Filipe
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer
Pages21-47
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-11720-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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